How to Fill In Missing Fossils: Imagine Them

first_imgHowever, as the quality and completeness of the fossil record varies considerably, both geographically and stratigraphically, palaeontologists need to find a way to ‘join the dots’ and piece together the fragments of a complex mosaic to give a more satisfactory and better picture of ancient life’s diversity.The team led by Dr Marcello Ruta of Bristol’s School of Earth Sciences … used the evolutionary relationships among known parareptiles to produce a corrected estimate of changing diversity through time.Dr Marcello Ruta said: “Evolutionary relationships can be superimposed on a time scale, allowing you to infer missing portions of past diversity.  They are powerful tools that complement and refine the known record of extinct diversity.  If you visualize evolutionary relationships in the form of branching diagrams and then plot them on a time scale, new patterns begin to emerge, with gaps in the fossil record suddenly filling rapidly.” Evolutionists have long known of systematic gaps in the fossil record.  This has been a frequent criticism lodged by Darwin skeptics against the evolutionary notion of a gradually unfolding tree of life.  Now, however, it appears that evolutionists have revived use of a tool in their arsenal for combating the critics: imagination.  Missing transitions in the record?  No problem.  Fill them in with “evolutionary thinking.”    This tactic was illustrated in a cheerful article about Dr Marcello Ruta of the University of Bristol, posted on Science Daily, describing his research into the Permian extinction – an evolutionary scenario that supposedly wiped out the majority of life forms on earth 250 million years ago.    In particular, parareptiles,1 “a diverse group of bizarre-looking terrestrial vertebrates which varied in shape and size,” had been thought to have been hit hard by the extinction event, whatever it was; but the Bristol team is now claiming that, to the contrary, “parareptiles were not hit much harder by the end-Permian extinction than at any other point in their 90 million-year history.”  They lived merrily on for another 50 million years, declining and diversifying repeatedly during their long tenure on earth.    At first glance, the article seems to score wins for Darwinism: the team at Bristol has made strides connecting the dots and filling in the gaps.  After all, they were “studying the fossil record,” the article alleged.  A closer look at their gap-filling material, however, shows it lacks empirical substance: One of the team members elaborated on the success of visualization and imagination as gap-filling strategies.  “It is as if ghosts from the past appear all of a sudden and join their relatives in a big family tree – you have a bigger tree,” he said.  “This way, you can start analysing observed and extrapolated abundance of species through time, and you can quantify novel origination and extinction events that would otherwise go unnoticed if you were to look at known finds only.”    How big a part do the known finds play in this game?  Apparently, not that much.  Another co-author of the paper emphasized the role of “evolutionary thinking” as a substitute for real bones: “Classic text-book views of waxing and waning of groups through deep time will certainly benefit, where possible, from the use of evolutionary thinking.”    A peer from the University of Washington seemed delighted with this first-ever detailed study of parareptile relationships, because “we still know very little about their biology.”  The study was published in the journal Palaeontology.2  The abstract states that they provided “Phylogeny-corrected measures of diversity” and examined “ghost lineages” – i.e., lineages that should be there if evolution were true, but left no fossils.  Paul Nelson at the Discovery Institute described ghost lineages in a pair of articles for Evolution News in January 19 and February 4, 2011.1.  The Wikipedia article on parareptilia states, “Whether the term is valid depends on the phylogenetic position of turtles, the relationships of which to other reptilian groups are still uncertain.”2.  Ruta, Cisneros et al, “Amniotes through major biological crises: faunal turnover among parareptiles and the end-Permian mass extinction,” Palaeontology, first published online: 27 APR 2011, DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-4983.2011.01051.x.It appears that the fossil evidence of parareptiles, if that taxon even exists, is a scattergram that does not support any kind of evolutionary story.  According to the abstract, “Available data are not consistent with a model of sudden decline at the end-Permian but rather suggest a rapid alternation of originations and extinctions in a number of parareptile groups, both before and after the Permian/Triassic boundary.”    One might think this anomaly amounts to a falsification of the Permian extinction idea itself, and would present a serious challenge to the idea of evolutionary progress.  But if one thought that way, one would underestimate the creativity of the Darwinian imagination.  No amount of data ever falsifies Darwinism, because imagination is always on hand to insert flexible caulking to keep the HMS Charlie afloat (see four examples from last year, 05/27/2010).  That’s why it is unsinkable.  You can’t sink an imaginary ship on an imaginary ocean hitting obstacles, real or imaginary, when magic caulk is available in infinite supply.  Read Paul Nelson’s articles and the tactic will become clear.visualizing evolutionary relationships” and filling in all the gaps with “ghost lineages” that left no trace.    This is not science; this is divination – peeping and muttering with a few bones to invoke the Spirit of Charlie, so that the peasants continue to worship and make sacrifices at the shrine of the great liberator with his magic tree, who freed the scientists from observational rigor and gave them an easy life of storytelling (12/22/2003 commentary).  Note: evolutionary thinking is an oxymoron. (Visited 8 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

10 months agoNapoli coach Ancelotti: I want Sarri’s Chelsea in Europa League final

first_imgAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Napoli coach Ancelotti: I want Sarri’s Chelsea in Europa League finalby Paul Vegas10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveNapoli coach Carlo Ancelotti wants to meet Maurizio Sarri’s Chelsea in this season’s final of the Europa League.Sarri left Napoli to be replaced by Ancelotti last summer.And the latter says: “I will be judged on the results of the team, but I think Napoli is doing a very good job. We did not qualify for the Champions League, but we knew from the start that it would be very difficult. “Napoli was up against two of the best teams in Europe. I would like to reach the final. It would be even better to be able to play against the Chelsea of Sarri. I think even Sarri would be happy to face Napoli. “Napoli versus Chelsea in the final of the Europa League, it would be magnificent. For me, it would be special to play Chelsea, one of my former clubs.” last_img read more

10 months agoWest Ham boss Pellegrini: Enough chances for at least Watford point

first_imgWest Ham boss Pellegrini: Enough chances for at least Watford pointby Paul Vegas10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveWest Ham boss Manuel Pellegrini felt they created enough chances to earn something from defeat to Watford.Gerard Deulofeu sealed a 2-0 Watford victory after Troy Deeney had scored a first half penalty.“I think we deserved a little bit more, at least to draw the game, as we had too many options,” Pellegrini observed. “We played most of the game one goal behind and it is always more difficult for the team to play under pressure and it’s easier for Watford [once they are in front].“They are a very good team and they played a good game and when you are winning 1-0 you have more time to prepare the actions in the last third. We hit the post twice and had two or three clear options to draw this game.“Maybe we felt the pressure losing 1-0 at the beginning of the game, but there are so many things in football that can happen and be why you don’t score. In the last game [at Fulham] we had two chances and we scored two but today we couldn’t score one.” About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your saylast_img read more

15 days agoAtletico Madrid fullback Santiago Arias: I spoke to James about move

first_imgAtletico Madrid fullback Santiago Arias: I spoke to James about moveby Carlos Volcano15 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveAtletico Madrid fullback Santiago Arias admits he spoke to James Rodriguez about a possibly joining him this season.James was tipped to leave Real Madrid this summer, with Atletico being touted as a possible destination, but he ended up staying at the Estadio Santiago Bernabeu.”We talked about Atleti,” Arias, who plays with James in the Colombian national team, told Onda Madrid.”I asked him if the rumours were true and I explained how things were here, but not much else.”There were options, but we didn’t speak about it much more because it was down to the clubs.” TagsTransfersAbout the authorCarlos VolcanoShare the loveHave your saylast_img read more

Mining and Quarrying Top-Performing Sector

first_img The Planning Institute of Jamaica (PIOJ) is reporting that mining and quarrying grew by an estimated 25.5 per cent from January to March 2018, to emerge as the top-performing sector over the quarter, compared to the corresponding period last year. The Planning Institute of Jamaica (PIOJ) is reporting that mining and quarrying grew by an estimated 25.5 per cent from January to March 2018, to emerge as the top-performing sector over the quarter, compared to the corresponding period last year.Director General, Dr. Wayne Henry, said the sector’s out-turn, to a large extent, spurred the goods producing industry’s estimated three per cent growth over the review period, which also saw the services industry growing by approximately 0.7 per cent.Dr. Henry was speaking at the PIOJ’s quarterly media briefing at the agency’s New Kingston head office on Tuesday (May 22).He said the mining and quarrying sector’s out-turn resulted from a 28.7 per cent increase in bauxite production. This, he pointed out, reflected higher alumina and crude bauxite production.“Alumina production was 27.1 per cent higher, reflecting the resumption of productive activity at the JISCO-Alpart alumina refinery since October to December 2017. Crude bauxite production grew by 27.7 per cent due to more conducive weather conditions,” he explained.Other sectors under the goods producing industry recording growth were construction, up 1.5 per cent; manufacturing, up one per cent; and agriculture, forestry and fishing, 0.5 per cent.Dr. Henry said growth in the building construction component was due to an increase in residential and non-residential developments, reflecting a 286.6 per cent increase in housing starts by public institutions to 1,527 units, of which the National Housing Trust (NHT) accounted for 1,512 units.Additionally, he said there was an increase in the volume and value of NHT mortgages by 6.2 per cent and 10.9 per cent, respectively.“The estimated growth in the ‘other component’ (of the construction sector) was facilitated by higher capital expenditure recorded by the National Works Agency, which disbursed $3 billion on the construction and rehabilitation of roads, relative to $2.2 billion in the corresponding quarter of 2017; Jamaica Public Service, which disbursed $1.7 billion, relative to $890 million (last year); and the Port Authority of Jamaica, which disbursed $1.1 billion, up from $624.5 million,” the Director General said.Meanwhile, hotels and restaurants, with an estimated 1.6 per cent out-turn, was the dominant sector under the services industry.This out-turn was spurred by a 6.6 per cent increase in arrivals, to 1,298,674 visitors. This was reflected in stopover arrivals, up 6.8 per cent, and cruise passenger arrivals, up 65 per cent.Dr. Henry also indicated that visitor expenditure is estimated to have grown by 8.5 per cent to US$825.3 million.He pointed out that the out-turn for 2017/18 fiscal year growth was estimated at 0.8 per cent, with the goods producing industry recording 0.3 per cent and services, 0.9 per cent.The industries recording the largest growth were mining and quarrying, up 4.7 per cent; hotels and restaurants, up four per cent; construction, 1.2 per cent; and manufacturing, 1.1 per cent.Dr. Henry said the growth prospects for April to June 2018 quarter are “generally positive” based on the anticipated strengthening of the performance of most industries, relative to the similar quarter of 2017.“Baseline economic growth is expected to be in the range of 1.5 per cent to 2.5 per cent,” he indicated. Story Highlights Dr. Henry said growth in the building construction component was due to an increase in residential and non-residential developments, reflecting a 286.6 per cent increase in housing starts by public institutions to 1,527 units, of which the National Housing Trust (NHT) accounted for 1,512 units. Dr. Henry said the growth prospects for April to June 2018 quarter are “generally positive” based on the anticipated strengthening of the performance of most industries, relative to the similar quarter of 2017.last_img read more

Spotted Port Houstons Cranes Start Their Journey

first_imgThree new super post-panamax cranes are currently being shipped aboard the heavy lift vessel ZHEN HUA 13 toward their destination – Port Houston’s Barbours Cut Container Terminal.Along the journey, which started in Shanghai on July 23, these 405-feet-tall cranes will travel with booms fully raised. Once they reach their destination after a two and a half month journey, the cranes are slated to replace three older ones at Barbours Cut.They are just a part of a USD 700 million modernization program under way at Barbours Cut to increase cargo-handling efficiency and capacity. In addition to new cranes, other improvements, including wharf and container yard reconfiguration measures, are expected to increase terminal capacity from 1.2 million to 2 million TEUs, adding to the 14 ship-to-shore wharf cranes and 44 rubber-tired gantry cranes(RTGs) currently operating at the site.“Considerable improvements are being made by Port Houston as we strategically prepare for expected growth,” Roger Guenther, Port Houston Executive Director, said.Last month, Port Houston informed that its Barbours Cut terminal established a new record for container lifts from one vessel when it undertook 4,198 moves while working with the 5,000 TEU containership COSCO BOSTON.The USD 33 million purchase of Port Houston’s super post-panamax cranes was approved by the Port Commission in 2015, and they are expected to be delivered to Barbours Cut on or around October 7.Image Courtesy: Port Houstonlast_img read more

Chemical Tanker Collides with Frigate in Taiwanese Port

first_imgzoomIllustration. Image Courtesy: Pexels under CC0 Creative Commons license The Saudi Arabia-flagged chemical tanker NCC Sama has collided with a Taiwanese frigate in the port of Keelung.According to The Central News Agency (CNA), the tanker was entering the port in the early morning hours on March 9 when the incident occurred.The 45,471 dwt vessel allegedly hit the Ning Yang (FF-938) Knox Class frigate in the middle of its port side. At the time, the tanker was arriving to Keelung from the Taiwanese Port of Taichung.According to AIS data provided by Marine Traffic, the unit is currently moored in Keelung.There were no reports of water pollution nor injuries following the incident.Taiwan’s Ministry of National Defense was cited as saying that it would seek compensation for the damage to the frigate.World Maritime News Stafflast_img read more

Matthew McConaughey Wants You To Test Drive A 2016 Lincoln MKX For

first_imgThe ongoing collaboration between The Lincoln Motor Company and actor Matthew McConaughey enters a new phase as the luxury automaker will donate to the Academy Award winner’s just keep livin Foundation.Matthew McConaughey, Shannon Mabrey Rotenberg, executive director, j.k. livin Foundation, and Dave Rivers, Lincoln marketing communications managerThis year, for the first time, Lincoln dealers will have the option to choose McConaughey’s just keep livin Foundation as the first national charity to be part of this program. For every test drive taken in the new 2016 Lincoln MKX midsize crossover, on sale later this year, $20 will go toward the just keep livin Foundation.“The tremendous work Matthew does through his just keep livin Foundation is one of the reasons why he is such a great fit with Lincoln,” said David Rivers, Lincoln U.S. Marketing Communications Manager. “Matthew is authentic, warm and genuine, and of course a great storyteller. We’re pleased to add our support by making a national charity part of our Driven to Give program for the first time.”Test drives that support charities are a cornerstone of Lincoln’s philanthropic efforts. Through its Driven to Give program, Lincoln has donated more than $4 million to schools and charitable organizations nationwide since 2011.“A key reason why I chose to collaborate with Lincoln is because it is a brand that works hard to make a difference,” said McConaughey. “On behalf of the just keep livin Foundation, we genuinely appreciate this added support from Lincoln, and look forward to reaching and assisting even more young people going forward.”The just keep livin Foundation, started by McConaughey and his wife Camila in 2008, is dedicated to empowering high school students by providing them with the tools to lead active lives and make healthy choices for a better future.It works with schools to reach the maximum number of teenagers with the greatest needs, partnering with other non-profit organizations in each local community to implement after-school fitness and wellness programs in inner-city high schools.“We all are stewards of tomorrow’s world, and that starts with providing impactful guidance and meaningful support to today’s young people,” said Shannon Mabrey Rotenberg, Executive Director, just keep livin Foundation. “This new collaboration between Matthew and Lincoln will assist the just keep livin Foundation as it continues to help shape a better future.”The programs encourage students to make positive life choices to improve their physical and mental health through exercise, teamwork, gratitude, nutrition and community service.A 501c3 non-profit organization, the just keep livin Foundation serves over 2,000 students through 24 programs in California, Texas, Louisiana and Washington, D.C.Source:BusinessWire.comlast_img read more

Pilot was high on marijuana in fatal 2011 crash near Yellowknife TSB

first_imgAPTN National NewsThe Air Tindi pilot who died in a 2011 plane crash near Yellowknife, that also claimed the life of a passenger, was stoned on marijuana the Transportation Safety Board said Wednesday.The Cessna 208B Caravan went down Oct. 3 near Lutsel K’e, Northwest Territories. Two other passengers survived but were seriously injured.“Toxicology testing revealed that concentrations of cannabinoids found in the pilot’s bloodstream were sufficient to have impaired pilot performance and decision-making during the flight,” said TSB in a press release.Investigators also determined the pilot was flying too low which “prevented the pilot from seeing and avoiding terrain.”Weather was marginal and the aircraft did not have a terrain awareness and warning system or terrain-warning features on its GPS.The pilot was flying using visual flight rules, which means the pilot must maintain constant visual reference to the ground.He could have flown using instrument flight rules, which pilots fly using cockpit instruments and doing so would have provided a margin of safety, according to the report.Air Tindi has since taken measures to improve safety according to TSB, including installing cockpit imaging and flight data monitoring devices in its Cessna 208B fleet.The company also does random drug and alcohol tests for employees in “safety-sensitive positions.”last_img read more

Trans Mountain approval met with promised resistance by First Nations

first_imgJustin Trudeau announced Tuesday the government has fulfilled its duty to consult Indigenous peoples and will move ahead with the Trans Mountain pipeline despite opposition from several First Nations who say they do not consent to the project.Justin BrakeAPTN NewsThe Trudeau government has approved the Trans Mountain pipeline expansion and is promising to have shovels in the ground this summer.But First Nations are responding swiftly with commitments to resist the pipeline in order to protect the land, Indigenous rights, and to address the climate emergency.The long-awaited decision was announced Tuesday in Ottawa, following months of renewed consultations with Indigenous communities as ordered by the Federal Court of Appeal last August.Prime Minister Justin Trudeau justified the government’s decision on the basis it “has the potential to create thousands of solid middle class jobs for Canadians,” and that expanding the existing Trans Mountain pipeline’s oil sands output remains within the government’s carbon emission targets under the Paris agreement.On Monday parliament passed a non-binding motion from Environment and Climate Change Minister Catherine McKenna declaring a climate emergency in Canada.Trudeau announced Tuesday the government will work with Indigenous stakeholders who have expressed interest in purchasing the pipeline in part or in whole.He said up to 100 per cent of the pipeline could end up in Indigenous investors’ hands.But the government’s consultations with First Nations, and its interpretation of free, prior and informed consent — a principle it has vowed to respect to through its commitment to the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) — fall far short of Indigenous peoples expectations.’Speaking at a press conference in Vancouver Tuesday, Tsleil-Waututh Nation (TWN) Chief Leah George-Wilson responded to the government’s decision to approve the pipeline with a promise of renewed litigation in the Federal Court of Appeal.“We believe that the consultation, once again, missed the mark set by the Supreme Court of Canada — and we will defend our rights,” she said.“TWN continues to withhold our free, prior and informed consent and are prepared to use all legal tools to ensure our governance rights are respected.”First Nation leaders in B.C. also predicted a swell of grassroots resistance if the government attempts to begin construction in territories where consent has not been granted.Speaking of an old village and burial site on his people’s lands, Sumas First Nation Chief Dalton Silver said, “should any equipment come on to that site, we’ll be there to meet them.”A coalition of First Nations leaders in B.C. responded to the June 18 announcement by vowing legal and grassroots resistance. Photo: Simon Charland/APTN.Kukpi7 Judy Wilson of the Neskonlith Indian Band said the Liberals’ second attempt to consult with First Nations “still doesn’t uphold the United Nations Declaration o the Rights of Indigenous Peoples’ minimum human rights standards.“Clearly, there has been no adequate consultation…and also, most importantly, no consent,” she added, speaking at the joint First Nations’ press conference in Vancouver.Wilson referenced citizens of the Secwepemc Nation who have asserted themselves on their unceded lands.“I wanted to acknowledge our land defenders that are out on the land, I want to acknowledge our water keepers that are out on the land, that are continuing to uphold our Secwepemc and our Indigenous laws and legal orders and jurisdiction,” she said.“Because we hold the underlying title to the land. It has not been ceded, surrendered or sold, or relinquished in any way, shape or form to the provincial government or to the federal government.”Wilson called Trudeau’s approval of the pipeline “a continuation of the colonial acts of genocide” against Indigenous peoples.Natural Resources Minister Amarjeet Sohi said Tuesday that the government’s renewed process fulfilled the Federal Court of Appeal’s conditions on Indigenous consultation.“Our consultation was very thoughtful, meaningful, two-way, and we listened very carefully to the concerns from the communities,” he said.“We are satisfied that we have discharged our duty to consult with Indigenous communities.”Asked by APTN News what definition of free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) the government adhered to in determining whether it had adequately consulted with First Nations, Trudeau said FPIC “is what we engaged in doing with Indigenous communities over the past number of months.“It is engaging, looking with them, listening to the issues they have, and responding meaningfully to the concerns they have wherever possible,” he explained.The prime minister said the consultations resulted in “changes to the process, to the NEB conditions…and that is an essential part of free, prior and informed consent.”The NDP came out strong against the government’s decision.In question period Tuesday, before Trudeau’s anticipated green light of Trans Mountain, New Westminster—Burnaby MP Peter Julian said “climate leaders don’t try to ram through raw bitumen pipelines and they don’t run roughshod over Indigenous rights. Just one spill could wipe out thousands of jobs in the fisheries and tourism for a generation.”NDP leader Jagmeet Singh said the Liberals should have gone further than the Federal Court of Appeal’s order on Indigenous consultation and instead used UNDRIP as the “roadmap” for engaging with Indigenous nations on the project.He referenced Cree MP Romeo Saganash’s private member’s bill, C-262, which has reached the final stages of the legislative process but is up against significant resistance from the Conservative Party.If passed the bill would require Canada to align its laws with UNDRIP.“That’s the roadmap that we’ve presented in law, and that law has been passed in the House; it’s being held up in the Senate,” said Singh. “But that’s the law that lays out the ground plan for how we move ahead with any project, and how we move forward in a way that respects Indigenous sovereignty and in a way that respects the rights of Indigenous peoples.”Conservative leader Andrew Scheer criticized the Liberals on Tuesday over their “failure…to get the Indigenous consultations done properly.”He said consultation “has to be more than someone just showing up with a notebook and ticking a box. It has to be a dynamic consultation that actually addresses the concerns of Indigenous communities and takes those into account.”Scheer also said if the “very high standards” laid out by the courts “are met by project proponents, that the project has to be able to proceed.“We don’t live in a country where any one person or any one group has a veto,” he continued. “We have an obligation to do consultations properly, and as the government we will continue to find avenues to ensure that Indigenous communities benefit from these projects, like the dozens and dozens of Indigenous communities who signed benefit agreements with both Trans Mountain and Northern Gateway.”Project Reconciliation, an Indigenous-led organization vying for a majority stake in the pipeline, applauded the Liberals’ decision Tuesday.“We see the possibility to make this a pipeline to reconciliation,” the group’s executive chair and founder, former Thunderbird First Nation Chief Delbert Wapass, said in a written statement Tuesday.“It’s high time Indigenous Peoples had a seat. This is about us taking the lead on protecting the environment and controlling the revenue that will allow us to move from poverty to prosperity.”While some Indigenous leaders see the fossil fuel industry as an avenue out of poverty, others argue addressing the climate crisis and strengthening Indigenous rights are more pressing issues to ensure the well-being of future generations.Khelsilem, a councillor with the Squamish Nation, said Tuesday that the feds’ second attempt at consulting with Indigenous groups was inadequate.“This government is not committed to reconciliation when they choose to fight us in court, when they choose to approve these pipelines without our consent, and when they choose to behave in such a dishonourable way.”Trudeau said that regardless of how much Canada tries to get consent, some First Nations just don’t want to give it.“There are people out there for whom no amount of accommodations or conditions or changes to the plan would have made the purchase of the Trans Mountain pipeline, and the approval of the Trans Mountain pipeline expansion, acceptable,” he said.Trudeau was joined by several cabinet ministers at Tuesday’s announcement in Ottawa. Photo: Justin Brake/APTN.“Those people will not be convinced by the arguments that we have put forward. We accept that, and they will use the legal means at their disposal to advance that argument.“But we also know…that people expect us to move forward that both create good jobs for the future and protect our environment for our kids.”The government hired former Supreme Court Justice Frank Iacobucci to ensure Canada met the Federal Court of Appeal’s requirements for the renewed consultation process with Indigenous communities.“We are confident that we have responded to what the court laid out as the right pathway forward towards an approval for this project,” Trudeau said. “And that is the determination we made this morning in cabinet.”Responding to Tuesday’s announcement, Assembly of First Nations (AFN) National Chief Perry Bellegarde, who represents communities that both support and oppose Trans Mountain, reiterated AFN’s position that First Nations “are the rights and title holders and our rights, title and jurisdiction must be respected.”Bellegarde said in the written statement that Trans Mountain “is an important reminder why the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and free, prior and informed consent is the way forward.“It’s the way we avoid conflict, lengthy and costly court cases. It’s how we create peaceful approaches and economic certainty for everyone.”He reiterated his call that Senators pass Bill C-262 before Parliament rises for the summer.“Implementing this basic international standard should not delay development. It’s a way forward and a way to better ensure economic certainty. Avoiding it actually creates economic instability for the country.”Grand Chief Stewart Phillip of the Union of B.C. Indian Chiefs remarked Tuesday that the government’s response to Indigenous concerns is cyclical.“It’s amazing that governments never learn. They keep making the same mistakes over and over again and somehow they expect a different result,” he said.“The springtime is a time when the land renews itself, the land reawakens. And in regard to the Trans Mountain expansion project, I think what you’re witnessing here is a reawakening of the spirit of resistance,” Phillip continued.“And like the sun that brings forward the spring, this decision today will bring forward that growing resistance on the part of Indigenous peoples walking once again in solidarity with their friends and neighbours, and their allies.”jbrake@aptn.ca@justinbrakenewslast_img read more