Freshers Week at Letterkenny Institute of Technology begins next Monday 23 September, 2013 until Friday 28 September with a host of on-campus and off-campus activities planned during this week.The main focus of this year’s Freshers Week is charity and giving back. The Student Union have selected the St Vincent de Paul Society as their charity to support this Freshers week.It is hoped that the Student Union wristband campaign will raise €3,000 for the local St Vincent de Paul Society. The wristband campaign will see students avail of an array of discounts throughout Letterkenny shops and clubs.From ‘Joe the Butchers’ to ‘Domino’s pizza’ and free entry into three local nightclubs, this campaign will see students availing of reduced and discounted prices, for products and services in the Letterkenny area.Student Union President, Brian McElwaine has said that the driving force behind this initiative is to say thank you to the St Vincent de Paul Society for the help provided by the charity to struggling students last year. He added that, as a result of SUSI grant delays, many LYIT students faced unnecessary hardship and the situation would have been much worse had it not been for the intervention of the St Vincent de Paul Society . This campaign is about Letterkenny IT Student Union giving back to the local charity.Students interested in purchasing a wristband can do so by contacting the Student Union office, but with a limited supply of 300 wristbands, you’ll have to be fast to get yours! Wristbands are available at a cost of €10 each. LYIT FRESHER’S WEEK ‘WRISTBAND CAMPAIGN’ ABOUT CHARITY was last modified: September 17th, 2013 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:charityFRESHERS WEEKLYITstudents
Are you sick? Should you rely on Darwinism or Science?by Jerry Bergman, PhDUnder the headline “Darwin can help your doctor,” a press release from the University of Groningen claimed that “Evolution and ecology inspire clinical research in infections and antimicrobial resistance”. The editors explain: “Taking an evolutionary view can inspire new ideas in clinical microbiology. For example, evolutionary studies can reveal why some antimicrobial dosing regimens are better than others in preventing the development of drug resistance.”As I read the review, it soon became apparent that the word evolution was tacked onto the report for no good reason except to give obeisance to Darwinism. The approach described in the report had nothing to do with Darwinism but was rather an example of the classic empirical experimental approach. This approach requires scientists to evaluate the proposed “antimicrobial dosing regimens” on patients and then study the outcome. For example, a sample of affected patients would be randomized into 5 treatment groups of 20 patients each, then the outcome of each group is compared. If statistical differences are found at the alpha 0.05 level or better (such as alpha 0.01) to insure the difference between the two is very unlikely due to chance, this lends evidence to the conclusion that the protocol found most effective is actually, as a whole, more effective. The report then added:Looking at microbial communities, rather than just the pathogenic micro-organisms, can also lead to new insights. That is why clinicians, bioinformaticians analysing pathogens and evolutionary biologists should all work together. These are the conclusions of a diverse group of scientists led by University of Groningen microbiologist Marjon de Vos, in a short review published by The Lancet Infectious Diseases on 30 April.Again, this is an example of an obvious truism. Of course, “clinicians, bioinformaticians analysing pathogens and evolutionary biologists should all work together.” I have to wonder what evolutionary biologists could possibly contribute. MicrobiologistDe Vos studies urinary tract infections. She realized that a lot could be gained by collaborating with different specialists … For example, … bacteria involved communicate with each other and can form a stable ecosystem, which affects their susceptibility to antibiotics.’ This realization led to an interdisciplinary workshop in 2017, which in turn resulted in the review paper now published in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.Still no answer as what this research has to do with evolution. So I read on.The consensus can be wrong, and has been wrong numerous times, when it comes to evoluition.The article then discussed cystic fibrosisThe review mentioned bioinformatics, which is an analysis of “the vast amount of genetic data collected on infectious diseases.” This also has nothing to do with evolution unless one is searching for long-term, millions of years, evolutionary trends. In this case, the bioinformatics technique is a fishing expedition looking for trends in gene expression patterns that may relate to the medical condition of concern. The doctors explain that cyclic antibiotic treatments in cystic fibrosis patients are used to treat chronic lung infections which are common in this condition. To minimize the development of drug resistance, treatment alternates with two different drugs. If the pathogens become resistant to one drug, ideally, the other will be effective. Obviously, this approach could result in multi-drug resistance.This is the claim I was expecting, which has nothing to do with evolution. I will cover the most common claim, that is antibiotic resistance due to mutations which create bacteria incorrectly termed “superbugs.”How do bacteria develop resistance to antibiotics?Although bacteria can become resistant due to mutations, all these mutations studied so far are either loss mutations, or damage-to-gene-expression mutations that damage the system that speeds up the removal of, or the inactivation of, antibiotics. None of these effects are the result of new cellular innovations, but are caused merely by damaging something in the bacteria.One type of mutation can alter the shape of the antibiotic binding site. The antibiotic works by fitting into the antibiotic binding site and, like a lock and key, if the keyhole is damaged, the key will no longer fit into the lock. Likewise, if the antibiotic binding site is distorted as a result of damage caused by mutations, the antibiotic will no longer fit into the antibiotic binding site, protecting the bacteria from the antibiotic.A side effect is the mutation can degrade or destroy the function for which the bacteria binding site was designed. For example, a neutral mutation in one amino acid that prevents the required antibody-enzyme interaction alters the binding site on the 4-quinolone antibiotic which disables the DNA gyrase enzyme in bacteria. The gyrase enzyme is an essential bacterial enzyme that catalyzes the ATP-dependent negative super-coiling of double-stranded closed-circular DNA. It reduces the twisting strain occurring while double-stranded DNA is being unwound by elongating RNA-polymerase.The classic example of mutations in the antibiotic mechanism which causes the bacteria to become immune to the antibiotic is ribosome point mutations that renders streptomycin and other mycin antibiotics ineffective. Mycin antibiotics function by attaching to specific receptor sites on the bacteria’s ribosomes which are required to produce protein to keep the bacteria alive. The result is this antibiotic action interferes with the bacteria protein-manufacturing process. The proteins the bacteria produce are, as a result of the mutation, either non-functional, or are not even produced. The result is the bacteria cannot grow and divide, or propagate.Bacterial mutations cause the bacteria to become streptomycin-resistant if the ribosome site, where the streptomycin attaches, is altered by mutations. As a result, the streptomycin no longer can bind on the host ribosome, and therefore it no longer can interfere with the ribosomal function of producing protein. Mutation-caused changes that enable the bacteria to become mycin-resistant can occur in several different locations on the ribosome.Mammalian ribosomes do not contain the specific site where myosin drugs attach, and for this reason the drug does not interfere with mammal ribosome function. Consequently, mycin drugs adversely affect bacterial growth without harming the host. Because fundamental differences exist between prokaryotic (bacterial) and eukaryotic ribosomes, these variations often are exploited in order to produce antibiotics to kill bacteria without harming the host. Actually, many antibiotics used are produced by fungi or other bacteria to protect them from enemy bacteria. Humans obtain them to protect them from the same pathogenic bacteria.Another example of a mutation-caused resistance is, in Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria, an enzyme in the bacteria that changes the antibiotic called isoniazid into its active form that kills the bacteria. If a mutation damages the enzyme that converts the antibiotic into its active form, the antibiotic remains in its inactive and harmless conformation. As a result, this mutation confers antibiotic resistance to the mutant bacteria. The mutation that damages the enzyme which prevents the antibiotic from killing the bacteria also cripples the bacteria, an effect called the fitness cost.When bacteria become resistant to antibiotics as a result of mutations, all the mutations studied so far are either loss mutations, or gene-expression mutations that result in speeding up the systems that removes or inactivates antibiotics. None are the result of new cellular innovations but are caused merely by altering the regulation control.all the mutations studied so far are either loss mutations, or gene-expression mutationsEvolution by retreatIn short, this brief discussion illustrates the fact that all known examples of antibiotic resistance are due to inbuilt systems designed to achieve symbiosis, or damage to some system in the host or pathogen that prevents it from properly defending itself. In short, so-called super bacteria are actually damaged bacteria that have an advantage in an environment loaded with antibiotics, such as in a hospital.Conversely, mutations that add new systems, such as a new regulatory system, energy-generating system, or transport system, have never been documented. Mutations increasing certain enzyme affinity may be beneficial, but often occur rapidly, indicating that design is involved. For example, mutations effecting hemoglobin-oxygen affinity help the host to acclimatize to a high altitude, but the same mutation can also cause polycythemia. This response is not evolution, but rather designed adaptation.Mutations that alter a protein which results in antibiotic resistance are also likely to weaken the organism. Mutations that both confer resistance, and allow the bacteria to survive, do not improve the bacteria fitness in its normal environment. The bacteria actually render them less able to survive in an antibiotic-free environment. Thus, when the bacteria becomes resistant to a drug, it is likely to become less fit in other ways. This is called the cost of resistance, or the fitness cost. Often the cost is very high and the mutation renders the resistant stain poorly able to survive in a non-antibiotic environment.The last claim covered in the The Lancet Infectious Diseases article was resistance plasmids. Resistance plasmids are small circular DNA that confers resistance to bacteria that can easily be exchanged between bacteria. The Lancet review admits “we still don’t know how changes in genes lead to the different characteristics of these pathogens. We need experiments by evolutionary biologists in order to understand the link between the genotype, the DNA sequence and the phenotype – for instance, the level of resistance.”Empty boastsThe 11-page Lancet article contained the word evolution 103 times and, after analyzing each example, the same problem was found as I have documented in this paper. Of interest is the article’s list of examples of the successes of microbial evolutionary medicine, including the exploitation of the alleged bacterial evolutionary molecular clock to trace transmission events over time in hospitals and continents in spite of the fact that the molecular clock has been a dismal failure, at least for long periods of time. “Darwin can help your doctor.” Science Daily. 30 April 2019. https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/04/190430103424.htm. “Darwin can help your doctor.” Science Daily. 30 April 2019. https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/04/190430103424.htm. Sandra B Andersen, et al. Microbial evolutionary medicine: from theory to clinical practice. The Lancet Infectious Diseases, 2019 DOI: 10.1016/S1473-3099(19)30045-3 Sandra B Andersen, et al. Microbial evolutionary medicine: from theory to clinical practice. The Lancet Infectious Diseases, 2019 DOI: 10.1016/S1473-3099(19)30045-3 Davies, A. P., et al., 2000. “Comparison of Fitness of Two Isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, One of which had developed Multi-Drug Resistance during the Course of Treatment.” Journal of Infection, 41(2):184-187, Sept.; Davies, J. and M. Nomura, 1972. “The Genetics of Bacterial Ribosomes.” Annual Review of Genetics, 6:203-234. Didier, E. S., D. C. Bertucci, and L. Leblanc, 1999. “Inhibition of Microsporidia Growth in vitro.” Abstracts of the General Meeting American Society Microbiology, 99:11 Wieland, Carl, 1994. “Antibiotic Resistance in Bacteria.” Cen Tech J., 8(1):5-6, p. 5. Wieland, 1994, p. 6.Spetner, Lee, 1997. Not by Chance. Brooklyn, NY: The Judaica Press, p. 144.Lenski, Richard E., 2002. “Cost of Resistance” in Encyclopedia of Evolution. Volume 2, pp. 1008-1010. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. Mark Pagel (editor), p. 1009.Baquero, Fernando, 2002. “Antibiotic Resistance: Origins, Mechanisms, and Extent of Resistance” in Encyclopedia of Evolution. Volume 1, pp. 50-54. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. Mark Pagel (editor). p. 51. “Darwin can help your doctor.” Science Daily, 30 April 2019. https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/04/190430103424.htm. Andersen, Sandra B., 2019. Evolutionary medicine: from theory to clinical practice. The Lancet Infectious Diseases, online 30 April 2019. https://www.thelancet.com/action/showPdf?pii=S1473-3099%2819%2930045-3. Jeffrey Tomkins and Jerry Bergman, 2015. “Evolutionary Molecular Genetic Clocks–A Perpetual Exercise in Futility and Failure.” Journal of Creation, 29(2):26-35. Dr. Jerry Bergman has taught biology, genetics, chemistry, biochemistry, anthropology, geology, and microbiology at several colleges and universities including for over 40 years at Bowling Green State University, Medical College of Ohio where he was a research associate in experimental pathology, and The University of Toledo. He is a graduate of the Medical College of Ohio, Wayne State University in Detroit, the University of Toledo, and Bowling Green State University. He has over 1,300 publications in 12 languages and 40 books and monographs. His books and textbooks that include chapters that he authored, are in over 1,500 college libraries in 27 countries. So far over 80,000 copies of the 40 books and monographs that he has authored or co-authored are in print. For more articles by Dr Bergman, see his Author Profile.(Visited 301 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Piet Nkambule is the 2012 Shoprite boerewors champion, he was crowned by the supermarkets chain after tasting his traditional wors at their annual competition.Piet Nkambule, top of podium, is 2012’s best boerwors maker. (Image: Shoprite)Wilma den HartighPiet Nkambule from Newcastle in Kwazulu-Natal makes South Africa’s best boerewors. He was selected as the winner of the 2012 Shoprite Checkers Championship Boerewors Competition, an annual event hosted by the supermarket group to identify the country’s best traditional boerewors recipe.Before Nkambule made it into the top 10, his award-winning recipe was put to the test and tasted by a panel of high profile food experts. Over a period of four months, the judges tasted thousands of pieces of boerewors across the country to find a recipe that stands out.Nkambule’s recipe was selected from more than 1 000 entries that went through three rounds of elimination.Martin Kobald, one of the judges, who is a chef and honorary past president of the South African Chefs Association (SACA), says Nkambule’s boerewors recipe was exactly what the judges were looking for.“It had an authentic flavour and you could taste the coriander and cloves nicely,” Kobald explains. “When it was cooked the combination of flavours unfolded better than others.”Another judge of the competition and executive chef, Jeff Schueremans, says the winning boerewors had a prominent beef and pork flavour. “That was the best one of all of them,” Schueremans says.Determination pays offIn addition to receiving the coveted title, South Africa’s boerewors champion should also be commended for his perseverance. Even though he has participated 19 times in the competition, without ever reaching the finals, he never gave up.But this was his lucky year.“I can’t believe I actually won,”Nkambule says, and he can’t wait to receive his prize which includes a new Toyota Hilux 2.7 double cab raised body raider, R2 500 (US$286) holiday voucher from food company All Gold, R2 000 ($229) Coca Cola cash prize and R750 ($86) worth of vouchers from snack food manufacturer Simba.“In my life I never thought I would drive a new car,” he says.Developing the perfect recipeBoerewors is a type of sausage that is synonymous with South African food heritage. The name comes from the Afrikaans words boer (farmer) and wors (sausage).Boerewors is usually braaied, a method that cooks food on an open fire, but some South Africans would, somewhat reluctantly, concede that it can also be grilled under an electric grill, fried, or baked in an oven.Kobald says that the recipe for traditional boerewors is legislated and must strictly adhere to certain guidelines. Although it is up to individuals to adjust the ratios of the ingredients, boerewors must contain at least 90% meat, always containing beef as well as lamb or pork, or a mixture of lamb and pork. Not more than 30% of the meat content may be fat and it can’t contain any mechanically recovered meat.Apart from the meat content, no other ingredients may be added except vinegar, spices, herbs, salt or other harmless flavourants and water. Cereal products such as oats or bread crumbs may be used as binding agents, but it should be suitable for mass production and a specific shelf life.“Although the ingredients are legislated, there is always someone’s boerewors that stands out and this is what we wanted to find,” Kobald says.Nkambule isn’t a newcomer to the meat industry. He’s worked in butcheries since 1977, when he started out by making deliveries. After many years, he’s learnt the tricks of the trade and, of course, what makes a good boerewors.He says he has taken a lot of time to perfect his winning recipe, now a closely guarded secret.“Over the years people have given me many tips and tricks about how to make a good boerewors,” he says.Although he is reluctant to divulge the ingredients of his winning recipe, he does reveal a few pointers for aspiring wors makers.“My secret lies in the special ratio of pork to beef meat I include in my mixture,” he says. “The right quality spices are also very important.”Boerewors under scrutinyFinding the country’s best boerewors is no small feat and an independent judging panel of respected food experts had the tough job of making the final decision.It took 85 regional and 10 provincial elimination rounds, during which 400 judges from the SACA had to taste and assess more than 55 000 pieces of raw and cooked boerewors to eventually find the top ten that would battle it out at the final.The judges included Martin Kobald; Arnold Tanzer, Sunday Times chef of the year 2008; Carmen Niehaus, YOU and Huisgenoot food editor and author of more than 20 cookbooks; Peter Veldsman, author of several cookbooks; and Lungile Nhlanhla, junior food editor at Drum magazine and one of the five finalists of the 2012 Masterchef SA programme.Schueremans explains that the judges have to taste both the raw and cooked boerewors, and contestants also have to provide the spices for a separate tasting to ensure that the correct spices have been used.“When the wors is raw it reveals a different flavour,” Schueremans says.Kobald adds that by tasting the raw product, the judges can also determine if the ingredients are correct and correspond with the specific recipe provided by the contestant.Cooked to perfectionBecoming the country’s boerewors champion isn’t just about combining the right mix of ingredients – the contestants must also cook the boerewors to perfection. If it is undercooked or overdone the judges can’t get a good sense of its taste.Kobald points out that cooking the wors is as important as developing the best recipe, as contestants could achieve a high score for their raw product, but get marked down at the cooking stage.To ensure that each individual tasting is accurate, the judges clean their palettes between tastings by eating a dry biscuit and drinking water.In his 13 years of involvement with the competition, Kobald has noticed how contestants have changed and evolved their techniques, and are taking the annual event more seriously.The new Championship Boerewors is in-store and available at all Shoprite, Checkers and Checkers Hyper stores countrywide.Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material.
15 May 2013President Jacob Zuma, accompanied by several Cabinet ministers, took time out on Tuesday to visit the people of Eldorado Park and surrounding Kliptown, south of Johannesburg, where drugs, high levels of crime and violence have resulted in residents living in fear.President Zuma’s visit was prompted by a letter by Eldorado Park resident Dereleen James, in which she documents her struggle to get her 17-year-old son off crystal meth, the drug known locally as “tik”.James’s son, who is now in rehab, will be taken to a place of safety when he comes out to prevent him relapsing.Community’s letter from the heartHis mother’s letter has since gone viral, with community members adding their own stories to it, detailing how a wave of drugs has taken over their lives, with many having lost their children to it.“The term ‘future generation’ is non-existent, meaningless to us,” the letter reads. “Sending our children to school is like sending them to the lion’s den. Drug peddlers parade and sell daily to our kids … Our children in turn sell for them to get a free ‘gage’ or two. Our community is flooded with ‘Lolli lounges’.”The community pleaded with Zuma to set up a special court for drug-related crimes, to help build a rehab centre, to dismiss all corrupt police officers, to have compulsory drug testing at schools, and to develop recreation centres to keep youngsters busy.Amid a heavy police presence, Zuma first held a meeting with the families who wrote the letter, then proceeded to meet with the community.“Mr President, we need your help,” said an emotional James, appealing for action to be taken.Local community leader and pastor Xavier Hendricks said he was afraid that if action were not taken fast, people would take matters into their own hands.Drug-fuelled crime spiralOfficials from a local drug rehabilitation centre told Zuma that a lack of funding complicated the challenge of saving the drug-ridden community.Recovering drug addict, 20-year-old Kelly-Anne, shared her life story about how she used to prostitute herself for a fix, her time in jail for possession of drugs, her struggle as a teenage mother and dropping out of school. She pleaded with the young girls in the crowd not to go down the same route she did.Many children, according to the community, are addicted to nyaope, dagga, cat, tik and alcohol, which are easily available even at schools.A “hit” of nyaope – a mixture of heroine, dagga, battery acid, rat poison, ARVs and other dangerous ingredients – costs about R30. As a result, crime has spiralled as desperate youngsters will do anything to feed their habit.A community member, who only introduced herself as Fatima, told SAnews that it would be a long road before the community won the war against drugs, as police operations only saw individuals getting arrested, and did not get the drugs off the streets.“We know these drug dens but it is difficult to stop them because they are working with the police. It is well known that the syndicates pay the police officers a ‘protection fee’, and that is why they never get arrested,” she alleged.Another visibly frustrated resident said the addicts went to extremes to finance their habit, from stealing metal sheets, taps, copper, electric cables and aluminium, which they exchanged for cash at scrapyards.“They can steal anything – from household items, clothes, food and tormenting their parents and grandparents in the process.”The impassioned man said young girls were mostly found at “Lolli lounges” – rooms where men traded sex with addicts.Most of the community members refused to be on record, saying the dealers had ears all over.‘I will drive the programme myself’Zuma told the residents, some of whom were carrying posters expressing their anger against drug lords, that when he read the letter, he was overcome with shock.“Having listened to your pleas, we understand the situation and we now have to decide what to do with it.”Zuma said the situation called for drastic measures to be taken swiftly. He committed to lead the turnaround strategy for the community himself.He told the crowd that over the next few days, the government would meet with community members to decide on the actions they needed to take.“We won’t make promises and not act. We will act. I will drive the programme myself,” he said, adding that time-frames for the turnaround strategy would be announced soon.He vowed to close down the Lolli lounges, which he referred to as “rotten houses” that were destroying children’s innocence. He said they would work with young people in the community and support initiatives to create employment in the area.“We will work together to stop this rot … Government won’t be acting alone. We will act with the community to save this community.”Zuma was accompanied on his visit by Police Minister Nathi Mthethwa, Social Development Minister Bathabile Dlamini, Performance Monitoring and Evaluation Minister Collins Chabane, Basic Education Minister Angie Motshekga, Gauteng Premier Nomvula Mokonyane and Johannesburg Mayor Parks Tau.Source: SAnews.gov.za
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest The clock is winding down on implementing the Veterinary Feed Directive (VFD) final rule from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.Some livestock farms are well on their way to have the necessary changes in place at the start of 2017, but others have much yet to do.“This is a huge issue. We will see over the coming months growth promotion and nutritional efficiency labels and uses of antibiotics that are also important to human medicine will be going away. The labels will change,” said Dr. Liz Wagstrom, chief veterinarian for the National Pork Producers Council. “If those antibiotics are used in feed, it will be illegal to use them to improve growth or improve nutritional efficiency. The remaining uses — the therapeutic uses for disease prevention control and treatment — will require a veterinarian to write a prescription if those are in water or a VFD if they are delivered in feed. This will be a huge cultural change and a very interesting transition. This is going to affect most of the antibiotics used in animal agriculture.”A current “VFD drug” is a drug intended for use in or on animal feed. These include tetracycline, penicillin, neomycin, tylosin and many others. Injectable over-the-counter antibiotics are not included in this rule, but mineral preparations and salt blocks containing affected antibiotics are a part of the VFD regulation.In the future, when a new animal drug application is submitted to FDA’s Center for Veterinary Medicine (CVM) for approval, CVM will evaluate the drug for safety and effectiveness, and as part of the review process, to determine whether the drug will be an over-the-counter (OTC) drug, a prescription (Rx) drug, or a VFD drug (limited to drugs used in or on animal feed).The changes are being mandated by the FDA due to ongoing concerns about the use of antibiotics (antimicrobials) in livestock production contributing to serious, and real, resistance issues.“We cannot deny that antibiotic resistance happens and that it makes human disease more difficult to treat. We also have resistant diseases in animals that make them more difficult to treat. It is a big public health concern that has been a driver for the FDA to make more changes,” Wagstrom said. “We can talk about how much, if any, contribution the use of antibiotics in animal agriculture contributes to human illness, but I think we are now to a point that it is not worth arguing how much. We just need to get our own house in order and use antibiotics responsibly and do our share to protect both animal health and pubic health.”The key moving forward for livestock operations is a close, and well documented, relationship between the farm and a veterinarian.“If a producer doesn’t have a strong relationship with a veterinarian, we are encouraging them to find one. You are going to need one and that veterinarian needs to be a part of your team who needs to know your animals, facilities and management before they can legally write you a VFD,” she said. “We hope you can view that as a contributor to your bottom line rather than an expense because we believe that relationship will strengthen your business as well as legally allow you to use antibiotics.”Frank Burkett III farms in Stark County with three uncles on a 690-cow dairy with another 700 replacements on feed. He sees the value in a close relationship with the veterinarian.“We have a great relationship with our veterinarian. When we look at the effect it will have on us, in addition to having a veterinarian-client-patient-relationship (VCPR), we’ll have to take an extra step in the future. Specifically for our farm, one example I can think of right away is that we use tetracycline to treat calves with respiratory issues,” he said. “So rather than just going to our feed supplier and getting it, we will need to take another step with our vet to write something along the lines of a prescription for that product for us to supply to our feed company so they can provide that product to us.”Without a well-established VCPR, the potential use for many of the important antibiotics in the operation could no longer be legal on the farm after Jan. 1, 2017. The final rule issued by FDA specifies the key elements that define a VCPR. These include that the veterinarian engage with the livestock producer to assume responsibility for making clinical judgments about animal health, have sufficient knowledge of the animal by virtue of patient examination and/or visits to the facility where the animal is managed, and provide for any necessary follow-up evaluation or care. The final rule will require veterinarians to follow state-defined VCPR requirements and all veterinarians will need to adhere to a VCPR that includes the key elements in the final rule.“The main concern is for people who don’t have that relationship with their veterinarian. There are areas of the state that are underserved by large animal vets — we are well aware of that. The livestock producers in those areas have been treating and making decisions on their own for their livestock and raising healthy animals for years. They can consult a vet when they need, but they have been making decisions on their own and using antimicrobials in a responsible way. Now this will put them in a position where they will have to establish that relationship and agreement in order to continue to use antimicrobials on the list,” Burkett said. “For our farm, it will just be some more paperwork involved with the process. The intention is more oversight so we can be sure antimicrobials are being used responsibly to prevent resistance in animals and humans. It looks like it will just be some additional paperwork and communication with our vet and our feed suppliers that we get those products from.”In addition, the label changes will mean some differences on the farm.“These antimicrobials in feed and water will have to be used based on the label. Right now they can legally be used under an extra label use but that will not be able to be done legally once this change takes place. The important thing is communication so producers are not surprised about this change as this moves forward,” he said. “We were at risk of losing the use of this class of antimicrobials altogether. This is a compromise to allow us to use them but add securities so we don’t build resistance. We want to make sure that this is not expanded in a way that becomes more burdensome.”In December 2013, the FDA published a guidance document on this issue, which called upon animal drug manufacturers of approved medically important antimicrobials that are put into water or feed of food-producing animals to voluntarily stop labeling them as drugs that can be used to promote animal growth and change the labeling of their products for the remaining uses to require veterinary oversight of these drugs when they are used for therapeutic purposes. All of the affected makers of these drugs committed in writing to participate in the strategy. Then in June of 2015, the FDA announced the VFD final rule to bring the use of these drugs under veterinary supervision so that they are used only when necessary for assuring animal health.“The actions the FDA has taken to date represent important steps toward a fundamental change in how antimicrobials can be legally used in food-producing animals,” said Michael R. Taylor, FDA deputy commissioner for foods. “The VFD final rule takes another important step by facilitating veterinary oversight in a way that allows for the flexibility needed to accommodate the diversity of circumstances that veterinarians encounter, while ensuring such oversight is conducted in accordance with nationally consistent principles.”
Ravena did say that whatever’s going on with Romeo is beneficial to both the former Far Eastern University star and the whole KaTropa team.“As of now, wherever he’s in it’s maybe the best for him and the team,” said Ravena after the PBA Draft Sunday at Robinson’s Manila. “He did not go AWOL (absent without official leave) he had a flu so we let him rest first.”FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSUrgent reply from Philippine football chiefRomeo was traded to TNT in April of 2018 after playing his first five years with NorthPort, then known as Globalport, and if a trade happens then the spitfire guard won’t even last a year with TNT.Ravena did not also confirm if whether Romeo is indeed being shopped in the trade market or not. Yeng Guiao ‘can’t confirm’ Poy Erram trade to NLEX yet “I don’t want to confirm it or deny it,” said Ravena.He added that there’s no problem with Romeo and that he’s just sick.“There’s no problem with him and he’s professional with dealing with teams,” said Ravena.ADVERTISEMENT Hotel management clarifies SEAG footballers’ kikiam breakfast issue TS Kammuri to enter PAR possibly a day after SEA Games opening MOST READ LOOK: Joyce Pring goes public with engagement to Juancho Triviño Bong Ravena. Photo by Tristan Tamayo/INQUIRER.netMANILA, Philippines—TNT head coach Bong Ravena beat around the bush when asked about the status of polarizing guard Terrence Romeo with the team.Romeo is reportedly on the trading block after being absent from the team for some time now, but Ravena did not say exactly if the guard will be traded or not.ADVERTISEMENT Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles01:30’Excited’ Terrence Romeo out to cherish first PBA finals appearance01:16Go goads Robredo to take ICAD post: ‘Tignan natin kung makakatulog ka pa’02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss SEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completion LATEST STORIES Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next View comments Lacson: 2019 budget delay due to P75-B House ‘insertion’ Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting Is Luis Manzano planning to propose to Jessy Mendiola? SEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completion
Simple post-workout habits that’ll help you come back stronger in your next workout, thanks to Karley Banks, assistant coach for the Men’s 20s team at the 2018 Youth World Cup1. Make sure you post-hydrate. It’s not just about hydrating during exercise. If you’ve exercised in the heat and sweated a lot, you may benefit from consuming electrolytes, not just water. The best bet is a low-calorie drink that contains electrolytes, such as sodium and potassium.2. Warm down. An active rather than static recovery is best – a light jog including replicating a few game movements at a very reduced level. Then go through major muscle group stretching exercises for a simple and fast way to help your muscles recover.3. Get on the roller therapy train. Self-massaging with foam rollers, bands and balls helps reduce muscle soreness and allows tissues and muscles to repair, regenerate and recover. Of course if you can have one, a full body massage can also aid recovery.4. Try water therapy. After a particularly hard session is when ice baths, pool sessions or contrast water therapy (alternating hot and cold showers) can benefit to help you recover faster, reduce muscle soreness and prevent injury.5. Eat right. Post-workout, you must refuel your body with high-quality protein and complex carbohydrates to recover, repair tissue, get stronger and be ready for your next session. Popular options: wholegrain toast with hummus; yoghurt with muesli; a protein shake and banana.6. Wear compression garments afterwards. Even if you didn’t wear compression gear during the workout, wearing them after can reduce muscle swelling and fatigue.
Liverpool legend Fowler keen on Bristol Rovers jobby Paul Vegas10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveLiverpool legend Robbie Fowler is keen on the Bristol Rovers job.Fowler has moved to declare his interest in the post at the Memorial Stadium which became available when Darrell Clarke left earlier this week.Clarke had been at the club for four and a half years but left with them 21st in League One and four points from safety.“I’ve thrown in a few [CVs] over the years, still waiting for a call,” Fowler told Soccer AM.“Bristol Rovers has obviously come up; would I be interested? Of course I would!“I went over to Thailand and loved being a manager.”People in this country think I’m inexperienced but I’ve done it before.“I came home, did all my badges, I’m properly, properly qualified, so I think it’s just a case of watch this space.” TagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say
zoomIllustration. Image Courtesy: Pexels under CC0 Creative Commons license The Saudi Arabia-flagged chemical tanker NCC Sama has collided with a Taiwanese frigate in the port of Keelung.According to The Central News Agency (CNA), the tanker was entering the port in the early morning hours on March 9 when the incident occurred.The 45,471 dwt vessel allegedly hit the Ning Yang (FF-938) Knox Class frigate in the middle of its port side. At the time, the tanker was arriving to Keelung from the Taiwanese Port of Taichung.According to AIS data provided by Marine Traffic, the unit is currently moored in Keelung.There were no reports of water pollution nor injuries following the incident.Taiwan’s Ministry of National Defense was cited as saying that it would seek compensation for the damage to the frigate.World Maritime News Staff
NEW DELHI: To avenge the suicide of his uncle, a man hired contract killers to murder a woman in Dwarka whom he believed to be into a relationship with his uncle and also for ruining his married life.Chandraprakash fixed the deal to 5 lakhs for murdering Kiren bala, a local property dealer. The two contract killers on bikes shot several rounds on the woman while she was returning after leaving her child in the school near Radisson Blue Hotel on July 11. The woman received gunshots on her neck and is still into a vegetative state. Also Read – After eight years, businessman arrested for kidnap & murderAccused Chandraprakash is a tour and travel service provider but the business was not yielding enough income. He started committing a crime in the area and was arrested in 2015 in a murder case in Najafgarh. During his jail term, he came into contact with several criminals and became their friends. Giri Raj Singh Tomar was also jailed in a rape case and in another case. His uncle Premchand was engaged in the Property business in Najafgarh area. Also Read – Two brothers held for snatchingsHe came into contact with the lady victim of the case and both became friends. In December last year his uncle Sh Premchand, committed suicide and his aunt held the friendship with the lady victim responsible for his suicide. “Chandra Prakash pledged to take revenge for the death of his uncle. He contacted his jail time friend Giri Raj Singh and asked to murder the lady and deal was fixed for Rs. 5 lakh in Jan 2019. He paid Rs. 2 lakh advance also and provided vital information about the lady. Giri Raj accepted the offer and roped in his friends Pinku and Narender to complete the task. While Gulab arranged for weapons, Narender arranged for motorcycles, all five have been arrested,” said Madhup Tiwari, Joint CP Western range. Though Police initially suspected the husband of the victim but on technical surveillance, he came out clean and this made Delhi Police to investigate other angles. The woman is still in critical condition and a team of doctors is monitoring her health.