Alabama head coach Nick Saban got a little heated during somewhat of a rant about satellite football camps and the need for a college football commissioner. Simply against the idea of satellite football camps, and with little belief in the positive narrative surrounding them, Saban let loose Tuesday afternoon in front of the media at the SEC Spring Meetings. As usual, AL.com was on the scene and posted the video to YouTube. AL.com did a terrific job describing the scene as Saban went off, and you can watch their video in its entirety here.
Parents are to benefit from critical support to improve child-rearing under the Partnership for Improved Safety and Security in Schools project.The project, which aims to reduce violence among students and youth, is being undertaken by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Information through US$3 million in grant funding over two years from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID).The National Education Trust (NET) is the coordinating agency for the initiative.Parenting Coordinator for the project, Latoya Stewart-Singh, said that a media campaign geared towards educating parents in good child-rearing practices will commence shortly.“We want to establish six community-based parent hubs and reactivate 25 school-based parent places. We want to identify and train at least 30 parent mentors per parish. We also want to audit 50 school-based parent places and assist in the reactivation of those places, with specific focus on training parents in good parenting practices as well as entrepreneurial skills,” she noted.She was speaking at a regional parenting stakeholders meeting for Region IV held on Friday (February 16) at the Holiday Inn hotel in Montego Bay.A parent place or hub is a resource centre where parents can access relevant information on parenting and other family-related issues geared towards improving parenting skills and family life.Managing Director of the NET, Marcia Phillips Dawkins, informed that the community of Mount Salem in St. James will be the first beneficiary of a parent place.She indicated that NET is working to set up homework centres in some institutions as well as at youth information centres (YICs) in a number of townships across the island. Another key component of the project, she said, involves working with uniformed groups, to engage young people.The Partnership for Improved Safety and Security in Schools project is targeted at young people aged 10 to 29 years. A total of 981 primary schools and 50 communities across the island will benefit.Among the specific objectives are to reduce violence, antisocial behaviour and critical incidents among youth, engage parents and communities in the behaviour change process, increase student involvement in co-curricular activities in order for them to develop better social and life skills, and promote positive values and attitudes at both school and community levels.The project will also involve construction and repair of perimeter fencing, provision of security monitoring equipment, and increasing the number of security personnel in schools. Parenting Coordinator for the project, Latoya Stewart-Singh, said that a media campaign geared towards educating parents in good child-rearing practices will commence shortly. Parents are to benefit from critical support to improve child-rearing under the Partnership for Improved Safety and Security in Schools project. The project, which aims to reduce violence among students and youth, is being undertaken by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Information through US$3 million in grant funding over two years from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). Story Highlights
zoom Athens-based dry bulk shipping specialist Seanergy Maritime Holdings has entered into a time charter contract for one of its Capesize dry bulk vessels with an undisclosed European charterer.The company’s 180,000 dwt Capesize vessel M/V Lordship was hired for a period of eighteen to twenty-two months.Seanergy said that the ship is expected to commence its deployment under the charter deal in June 2017, upon expiration of its current time charter with the same company.“Our high quality of service has made us a preferred business partner to first-class charterers and we expect this to continue being a central pillar of our commercial strategy,” Stamatis Tsantanis, the company’s Chairman & Chief Executive Officer, said.“Indicatively, based on the prevailing spot rate for Capesize vessels, this time charter contract could contribute more than USD 10 million of net revenues to the company, assuming the full 22-month employment,” Tsantanis added.The net daily charter hire is index-linked rate based on the 5 T/C route rate of Baltic Capesize Index. In addition, the charter contract provides the option to Seanergy to convert at any time and for a period of three to twelve months the index-linked rate into a fixed rate corresponding to the prevailing value of the respective Capesize FFA.Seanergy said that, as the freight market strengthens, the company expects to secure additional long term employment agreements for its fleet.Built in 2010 by South Korean Hyundai Heavy Industries, M/V Lordship is one of the two bulkers purchased by Seanergy in September 2016.Both ships, which were bought for a price of USD 20.75 million each, joined the company’s fleet in late 2016.
But that’s not what I see on the tracks. Instead, I see that pulling the lever in favor of testosterone testing sends the trolley down a track that will harm not only women with high testosterone levels, but also every other woman athlete who looks too “manly” or otherwise does not conform to someone else’s notions of what a woman should be. I see the trolley barreling down a track that will crush the culture that I want sport to strive for — one that celebrates women athletes of all shapes, sizes, forms and talents. The Olympic stadium was quiet on Wednesday morning, and spectators in the sparsely filled stands seemed to pay little notice to South African runner Caster Semenya as she cruised to an easy win in her first-round heat of the 800 meters. But on Saturday evening, when Semenya will contest the 800-meter final, she’ll have the world’s eyes on her. “There is no more certain gold medal in the Rio Olympics than Semenya,” wrote Ross Tucker, an exercise scientist in South Africa, on his blog, The Science of Sport. “She could trip and fall, anywhere in the first lap, lose 20m, and still win the race.”If she does indeed dominate, some sports fans will be cheering Semenya, while others will be less inclined to celebrate, believing that she has an unfair advantage over her rivals. Semenya made headlines in 2009 amid rumors that track’s governing body, the International Association of Athletics Federations, had required her to undergo tests to confirm that she was female. Media accounts have reported that she has hyperandrogenism, a condition that causes higher-than-average testosterone levels — an allegation that neither Semenya nor the IAAF has publicly confirmed.Semenya’s case is the latest saga in sport’s checkered history of sex testing, a task that is purportedly aimed at creating an even playing field but — as I’ve discussed previously — raises serious questions about how athletics organizations treat women. Her muscular build, deep voice and remarkable results had raised suspicions among some of Semenya’s rivals about whether she was really a woman. “Just look at her,” said Mariya Savinova, a Russian runner now tangled in her country’s doping scandal.Savinova’s comment highlights what’s wrong with making competitors in women’s events prove that they’re women: It encourages people to police who looks “feminine enough” and sanctions discriminatory behavior that can have life-threatening consequences. Indian middle-distance runner Santhi Soundarajan attempted suicide after failing a gender test in 2007 and being shunned by her community.Even if you think sex testing is necessary to ensure that women’s athletics are fair, the rules would need to be enforced uniformly. Testimony presented at a hearing on the IAAF’s sex testing procedures last year showed that “to date, [the testosterone limit] has only been used against women from developing countries” and that the rules created “an inconsistent and unfair patchwork of compliance by different countries around the world.” It’s notable that the women who’ve made the news for being scrutinized under the testosterone rule have been people of color.Sport has a long history of humiliating women deemed “too masculine.” To ensure that men were not masquerading as women in order to compete and win at women’s sports, competitors were subjected to sex tests such as nude body inspections and chromosome testing. Eventually officials realized that these tests couldn’t definitively distinguish between male and female competitors, because sex is not a binary trait but exists along a continuum. For instance, people with androgen insensitivity syndrome are born with XY chromosomes but develop female anatomy, because their bodies don’t respond typically to testosterone. Others are born with female genitalia but have male sex anatomy internally. These are just two examples of the wide range of variations found across the spectrum.After an especially shameful 1980s episode in which Spanish hurdler María José Martínez-Patiño was publicly shunned and outed as having androgen insensitivity syndrome, the blanket tests were dropped, and instead women deemed suspicious could be called in for testing. This is what happened to Semenya. The invasion of privacy and testing she endured created a push for a less ostracizing way to ensure that athletes vying in women’s competitions were women, and in 2011 the IAAF settled on a new approach, which the International Olympic Committee also adopted in 2012.Rather than allow inspections of women’s bodies, the new rule set an upper limit on testosterone. Women could compete only if their testosterone levels were below 10 nanomoles per liter — a cutoff devised by sampling woman athletes with polycystic ovary syndrome (a condition associated with elevated testosterone levels) and adding five standard deviations to it. Tucker wrote on his blog that this limit is “threefold higher than a level that applies to 99 in 100 women participants.”The argument for testosterone testing says that we divide sport into men’s and women’s categories because men have a practically unconquerable natural advantage over women. World records for men’s track and field and road running events are an average of 12.6 percent faster than the equivalent women’s events, and we give women their own class, akin to a weight class in combat sports, so they can have a chance to excel.The argument against testing is that the competitive advantage that men have over women arises from biological factors linked to sex, but sex is a biological trait without hard and fast borders. And that we can pretend that we divide competition by sex, but what we’re really doing is separating athletes by gender, which is an identity that has a social and cultural context as well, and those contexts may confer distinct advantages and disadvantages, too. Under this system, there’s an obligation to recognize Semenya under the gender identity that she has inhabited since birth, and to do so without subjecting her to invasive and humiliating inspections or tests. Her identity should not be up to strangers to decide.The debate over whether hormone testing is fair doesn’t have a scientific answer, only science-informed ones. There’s pretty good evidence that testosterone, a muscle-building hormone that men typically produce in greater quantities than women, is a performance-enhancing substance — that’s why it’s so popular among dopers. Joanna Harper, an athlete, scientist and transgender woman, found that her running performance dropped within weeks of starting therapy to reduce her testosterone levels, and she has documented similar changes in other male-to-female transgender runners. Insofar as you can pin the male advantage to a single factor, testosterone is it.Science shows that testosterone gives athletes an advantage, but it can’t tell us how much advantage is too much or how to categorize athletes who are women by gender but also have male sex traits — those are philosophical questions, not scientific ones. But it’s hard not to see sexism in the answers that the IAAF is providing. As espnW columnist Kate Fagan tweeted recently, “I shall steal line from someone on Twitter: I know Semenya is a woman because people are trying to control her body.” Women with high testosterone levels have been pressured to undergo life-changing surgery and medical interventions in exchange for the right to compete.The IAAF’s testosterone limit is necessarily arbitrary, and when Indian sprinter Dutee Chand faced scrutiny and demands to undergo treatment to reduce her testosterone levels, she pushed back. The medical interventions would be invasive, would be potentially irreversible and would come with side effects that could “interfere with the way my body has worked my whole life,” she wrote in a letter to the secretary general of the Athletics Federation of India, asking to have her eligibility reinstated. “I was born a woman, reared up as a woman, I identify as a woman and I believe I should be allowed to compete with other women, many of whom are either taller than me or come from more privileged backgrounds, things that most certainly give them an edge over me.”The case ended up in the Court of Arbitration for Sport, which suspended the policy in July 2015 and gave the IAAF two years to return with science to show that women with naturally occurring testosterone over the 10 nmol/L limit have an unfair advantage. The ruling meant that Chand, Semenya and other hyperandrogenic athletes could compete without altering their hormones.The decision was greeted in some corners of the internet as a sign of the apocalypse — the end of women’s sports as we know it. Hyperandrogenic athletes, this line of reasoning held, were being given a chance to compete in their identified gender at the expense of other women.You can think of this as a version of the classic trolley car problem in which a runaway trolley car is speeding down the tracks, and a human operator has an opportunity to pull a lever to direct the car down another track — but both options will result in casualties.When some testing advocates look at this problem, they see that sending the car down the track with no sex or hormone testing will mow down female athletes and women’s sports. Send the trolley down the track with testing, and you tear down Semenya, Chand and other athletes with unusually high testosterone levels.Stated this way, it seems like a straightforward equation. Someone will get run over, but if you pull the lever in favor of testosterone testing, the only people hurt are the women with naturally high levels. If it’s strictly a numbers game, you’ve found a solution that harms the fewest people. Although there’s been a lot of mansplaining about why a testosterone limit is warranted, this isn’t just a black-and-white case of sexism, since woman athletes (including Martinez-Patiño, the Spanish hurdler who was shunned after testing in the 1980s) have also spoken in favor of the rules. Tucker and Harper, high-profile proponents of hormone limits, have carefully acknowledged the cultural and social factors at play, but I don’t think they give these other considerations enough weight. When you’ve had people tell you that your body is too muscular or you’re not feminine enough (as I have), a system that makes it OK to enforce a particular kind of female body feels vindictive.There are consequences of an institutionalized process that seeks and targets women for looking like men (whatever that means). At the conclusion of a hearing on her case, Chand gave a brief statement telling the panel that “she fears that if she loses her appeal, she will have to leave her village.” This fear isn’t ungrounded. She also recounted the story of a young female friend who’d been forced out of her village after people refused to recognize her as a girl because of her appearance.It’s easy to sympathize with the women competing with Semenya. Her talents can seem insurmountable. But it’s wrong to prohibit her from competing with the body she was born with. She is not the first woman (or man) to dominate the competition. Once in a while someone comes along who’s an extreme case. Usually, we celebrate this.At Chand’s Court of Arbitration for Sport hearing, accomplished British runner Paula Radcliffe testified in favor of the hormone limit, saying that the rule fell under similar regulations “designed to ensure success is determined solely by talent and dedication, and not by ‘unfair’ advantage.”But what is “unfair?” Radcliffe also possesses extraordinary talent, and it’s hard to tease out and compare the boost that different advantages confer. Her marathon world record has remained untouched for more than a decade. Radcliffe herself has faced allegations of doping, abetted by a culture of doping that has made every performance suspect. Sex testing creates a similar atmosphere of suspicion, but the difference is that dopers are deliberately cheating. Hyperandrogenic women are simply competing with the bodies they were born with in the gender with which they identify and belong.In support of the hormone limit, the IAAF argued that dismissing conditions that produce unusually high levels of testosterone as “naturally occurring advantages would compromise the integrity of sport,” since that would be “analogous to having a system, where weight classifications exist, but then waiving the weight limit for certain individuals who cannot reduce their weight enough to fit into the required category.” The problem with that analogy is that in the case of a weight system, the person too heavy for a particular weight class has another class to compete in. What happens to Semenya under these rules if she doesn’t want to alter her body? The IAAF has said that a woman ineligible under the rules could compete with the men, but that feels a lot like shunning.Perhaps the most uncomfortable truth that this controversy forces us to confront is that there’s no such thing as a level playing field in sport. As much as we like the idea of athletes winning through hard work, guts and spirit, the fact is, much of it comes down to born talent. Most competitors never had a chance.In the end, the real question to ask is: What is the purpose of sport? Is it more important to provide uncomplicated stories that make us feel uplifted, or to celebrate extraordinary human effort and performance? My vote goes to the latter. Participating in sports taught me to feel powerful in my body, and I’m glad that no one put limits on how strong I could be. When Semenya takes to the line on Saturday, I’ll be cheering for her every step of the way.This was an edition of Strength in Numbers, my column exploring the science of sports and athleticism. Got feedback, suggestions or a news tip? Email me, leave suggestions in the comments section or tweet to me @CragCrest.
Michael Vick might be old in NFL football years, but he can still run like a track star. Just ask speedy Philadelphia Eagle teammate LeSean McCoy.Vick beat the running back in a 40-yard dash at practice after the running back had been calling him “old.”Vick, who will turn 33 next month, outran the 24-year-old McCoy and then tweeted about it after several teammates posted about the race on Twitter.“So today at the field 1 of my teammates called me old,” he wrote, adding that the teammate begged him to race the 40-yard dash. “Anybody want to guess which player?”“Beat him by a few yards too lol,” he wrote, adding #SpeedKILLS to the tweet.ProFootballTalk.com, citing a source with knowledge of the situation, reported that McCoy had been giving Vick a hard time for weeks, calling him “old man” and challenging him to a race. Vick reportedly had laughingly dismissed McCoy’s challenges until Thursday.According to the report, Vick asked Chip Kelly whether he would allow the two to race, and the coach granted them permission.Eagles teammates buzzed about the race through their own Twitter accounts.Tight end Clay Harbor wrote: “The rumors are true… Vick dusted McCoy in the 40yd dash.”Defensive end Clifton Geathers marveled at Vick’s win and took the opportunity to inform some of his former Cowboys teammates about the result. He tweeted: “Never seen a QB beat a runner back by 4yards until today Vick is a fast as mug @JayRat90 [Jay Ratliff] @hatcher97 [Jason Hatcher] @Fast_Teddy [Teddy Williams].McCoy took the loss in stride, joking on Twitter that Vick “cheated.”He gave Vick credit, however, writing that Vick was “Top 3 fastest man on the TEAM.”Vick made sure to let McCoy and his followers know there are no hard feelings between the two players.“Love you Lil bro @CutonDime25,” he wrote.
As of Aug. 23,1We haven’t yet updated our Elo ratings to include the results of the U.S. Open so far, or of the warmup tournament the week before the Open started in New Haven, Conn. So the numbers we’re basing this on are slightly out of date. Vinci won five tour-level matches and lost one between our last Elo update and today’s upset, so her Elo has risen, although not by enough to undermine her win as the biggest upset in a quarterfinal or later at a Slam. Williams had won five matches, too, since our last Elo update, which would have increased her rating slightly and mitigated the effects of Vinci’s rise. Williams’s Elo rating was 2505 and Vinci’s was 1852 — a difference of 652 points.2The numbers don’t add up because of rounding. That gave Vinci about a 3 percent chance of beating Serena. The biggest previous Elo gap for an upset in a Slam quarterfinal, semifinal or final was 574, when Czech player Helena Sukova beat Martina Navratilova in the 1984 Australian Open semifinals. The upset ended a run of six consecutive Slam titles for Navratilova, who never managed to win a calendar-year Grand Slam.Sukova’s elation was short-lived. Chris Evert beat her to win the title. And that’s not atypical. The winners in these historic upsets have gone just 1-7 when trying to repeat their feats in the next match at the same event.3Arantxa Sanchez Vicario’s upset of Steffi Graf in the 1989 French Open came in the final, so Sanchez Vicario had no more matches at that tournament. After Roberta Vinci, the No. 43 ranked player in the world, defeated No. 1 Serena Williams in the U.S. Open semifinals on Friday, someone asked Vinci if she remembered a bigger upset in women’s tennis. She answered, “No. Just today.”We took a more quantitative approach and arrived at the same answer. Vinci’s victory was the biggest upset in women’s Open-era tennis history this late in a Grand Slam tournament.Before the tournament, we used Elo — the ratings system that takes into account players’ match results and quality of opposition and creates power rankings for anything from chess to the NFL — to rate the best women’s tennis players of all time. According to this system, Williams is one of the greatest but not the greatest. (Despite her loss, however, she is still playing well enough to keep building her case.) It’s this system that shows just how historic Vinci’s upset was. 1984Helena SukovaMartina NavratilovaAustralian OpenSF574L 1988Zina GarrisonMartina NavratilovaU.S. OpenQF471L 1999Amelie MauresmoLindsay DavenportAustralian OpenSF463L 1979Barbara JordanHana MandlikovaAustralian OpenQF513W 1989Arantxa Sanchez VicarioSteffi GrafFrench OpenF488N/A 1994Mary PierceSteffi GrafFrench OpenSF502L The real upset is that Vinci made the semifinals at all. These upsets are so rare late in majors because by the quarterfinals or later, both players’ ratings are usually far closer to each others’ than Williams’s and Vinci’s were.Bigger upsets have happened earlier in majors. Katarina Studenikova’s second-round upset of Monica Seles at Wimbledon in 1996 overcame an Elo gap of 764 points. Williams herself has suffered bigger upsets. Her loss in the third round of Wimbledon in 2005 to Jill Craybas occurred despite a 710-point gap in their Elo ratings.Men suffer upsets too, despite their best-of-five-set format that gives favorites more chances to come back and assert their superiority. The biggest in a quarterfinal or later was Christophe Roger-Vasselin’s defeat of Jimmy Connors, whose Elo rating was 580 points higher, in the 1983 French Open quarterfinals.Elo doesn’t capture the stakes of Friday’s upset. Williams’s quest for the Grand Slam made Friday’s result loom larger than most before it. And the upset is even more shocking when you consider that Williams has an extraordinary record late in Grand Slam tournaments. So what happened Friday?“I thought she played the best tennis in her career,” Williams said in her postmatch press conference about Vinci. ”I think she played literally out of her mind.” 1990Zina GarrisonSteffi GrafWimbledonSF473L 2007Marion BartoliJustine HeninWimbledonSF462L 2015Roberta VinciSerena WilliamsU.S. OpenSF652? YEARWINNERLOSEREVENTROUNDELO DIFF.WINNER’S NEXT MATCH 1997Amanda CoetzerSteffi GrafFrench OpenQF453L Baseline: A U.S. Open mini-podcastCarl Bialik and Grantland’s Brian Phillips discuss Roberta Vinci’s upset of Serena Williams and preview the Djokovic-Federer final. For more subscribe to our sports podcast Hot Takedown.
2France 1England, Germany, Italy, Spain Top divisions only. Countries are listed alphabetically within each tier. 6Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia, Cyprus, Estonia, Faroe Islands, Georgia, Iceland, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Montenegro, Northern Ireland, Serbia, Wales European countries’ soccer leagues, sorted into six tiers by strength This methodology article is for an old version of our club soccer forecasts. See how our latest club soccer predictions work.Today we’re publishing FiveThirtyEight’s club soccer predictions interactive, which includes team ratings, odds for upcoming matches and forecasts for the top five European domestic soccer leagues — the Premier League (England), La Liga (Spain), Bundesliga (Germany), Serie A (Italy) and Ligue 1 (France) — along with the UEFA Champions League, Europe’s premier club competition. Our forecasts are available in both English and Spanish, and we‘ll be adding more leagues in the future, likely starting in a few months with Liga MX, MLS and NWSL.The forecasts are based on a substantially revised version of ESPN’s Soccer Power Index (SPI), a rating system originally devised by FiveThirtyEight editor-in-chief Nate Silver in 2009 for rating international soccer teams and last revised for the 2014 World Cup. For the interactive, we have updated and adapted SPI to incorporate club soccer scores going back to 1888 (from more than 550,000 matches in all),1Including matches from the six leagues we’re forecasting. The data comes from ESPN’s database and James Curley’s GitHub. The model doesn’t take into account matches in lower domestic divisions or in other competitions such as league cups or Europa League. as well as newer play-by-play data from Opta that has been available since summer 2010.In SPI, each team is assigned an offensive and defensive rating, expressed in terms of number of goals it would expect to score and yield against a middling team — so a high offensive rating is good, and a high defensive rating is bad.2Think of a team’s ratings as roughly how it would do against Swansea, Bordeaux or Leganes, based on those teams’ current strength. Unlike with national-team SPI, our club-soccer SPI doesn’t include an overall rating, in part because we plan to add other leagues, and as the pool of teams changes, the overall ratings would shift, too. Given the ratings for any two teams, we can project the result of a match between them in a variety of formats — such as a league match, a home-and-away tie or a cup final — as well as simulate whole seasons to arrive at the probability each team will win the league, qualify for the Champions League or be relegated to a lower division. After every match, a team’s ratings are adjusted based on its performance in that match and the strength of its opponent. Unlike with the Elo rating system we use in several other sports, when a soccer team wins a match but performs worse than expected, its ratings decline.Underlying quality of playSoccer can be tricky to model because there are so few goals scored in each match. The final scoreline fairly often will disagree with most people’s impressions of the quality of each team’s play, and the low-scoring nature of the sport sometimes will lead to prolonged periods of luck, where a team may be getting good results despite playing poorly (or vice versa).To mitigate this randomness, and better estimate each team’s underlying quality of play, we’re using four metrics to evaluate a team’s performance after each match: goals, adjusted goals, shot-based expected goals and non-shot expected goals.The first is simply how many goals a team scored in the match. The second, adjusted goals, accounts for the conditions under which each goal was scored. For adjusted goals, we reduce the value of goals scored when a team has more players on the field,3These are worth about 0.8 goals. This and all other weights were chosen in order to optimize the model for predicting match outcomes. as well as goals scored late in a match when a team is already leading.4Specifically, after the 70th minute, the value of a goal when a team is leading decreases linearly to the end of the game, when a goal is worth half a goal. So a 70th minute goal when leading is worth a full goal, an 80th minute goal is worth 0.75 goals, and a goal in the 90th minute or later is worth 0.5 goals. We increased the value of all other goals to make the total number of adjusted goals add up to the total number of goals scored.Shot-based expected goals are an estimate of how many goals a team “should” have scored given the shots they took in that match. Each shot is assigned a probability of scoring based on the distance and angle from the goal, as well as the part of the body the shot was taken with, with an adjustment for the player who took the shot.5All players who have enough shots in our database are given a modifier based on their historical conversion rates (the number of goals they’ve scored given the shots they’ve had). For example, Lionel Messi has historically converted a shot into a goal about 1.4 times as often as expected, so the probability of any shot he takes is multiplied by 1.4. These individual shot probabilities are added together to produce a team’s shot-based expected goals for that match, which may be bigger or smaller than the number of goals it actually scored.Non-shot expected goals are an estimate of how many goals a team “should” have scored based on non-shooting actions they took around the opposing team’s goal:6That is, within an area slightly larger than the 18-yard box. passes, interceptions, take-ons and tackles. For example, we know that intercepting the ball at the opposing team’s penalty spot results in a goal about 9 percent of the time, and a completed pass that is received six yards directly in front of the goal leads to a score about 14 percent of the time. We add these individual actions up across an entire match to arrive at a team’s non-shot expected goals. Just as for shot-based expected goals, there is an adjustment for each action based on the success rates of the player or players taking the action (both the passer and the receiver in the case of a pass). 4Belgium, Czech Republic, Netherlands, Russia, Ukraine 5Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Denmark, Finland, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Israel, Norway, Poland, Romania, Scotland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey TIERLEAGUES Take Sunday’s match between Everton and Manchester City, for example. Although Everton won 4-0, our model didn’t see the match as nearly so lopsided. Two of Everton’s goals came with the lead after the 70th minute. Furthermore, Everton took only six shots. Our shot-based expected goals model would expect only about 0.4 of those shots to go in the net, not the four that did. Man City also was the better team according to our non-shot based expected goals model. In all, our composite scores saw the final result as a 2.16-0.84 win for Everton — much narrower than 4-0.Since all four metrics represent the number of goals a team scored or could have been expected to score during the match, they’re directly comparable, and a team’s composite offensive score is an average of the four metrics; its composite defensive score is an average of the four metrics for its opponent. “An average doesn’t sound very empirical,” you might say, but our testing indicates it does about as well as any other way of combining the metrics. If anything, the expected goals components should count a bit more toward the overall match rating than the goals-based measures, but we have only a little more than six seasons’ worth of data for those components, while we have goals data back to 1888. Therefore, we’re being a little cautious about incorporating this new data. A team is assigned an offensive and defensive rating for a match based on its composite score and the pre-match ratings of its opponent, and these game ratings are combined with the team’s pre-match ratings to produce its updated ratings.As with our Elo-based rating systems, each team’s ratings change in the offseason. Rather than reverting each team toward the same mean, we revert it toward a time-weighted average of its final rating over the past five seasons. In addition, we adjust each team’s preseason rating based on players it acquires or sells in the offseason.7Specifically, these adjustments are based on subtracting transfer fees a team got in the offseason from how much it spent on acquiring players, relative to league average. For every standard deviation of net spend above league average, a team’s rating is boosted by about 0.09 points, split evenly between the team’s offensive and defensive ratings.ForecastingOnce we’ve established ratings for every team in the leagues we cover, we forecast the outcomes of upcoming matches with a Poisson model that forecasts the estimated number of goals we expect each team to score. The parameters in the model are the offensive and defensive ratings of the two teams, home-field advantage,8This varies based on the year of the match and the league the game is being played in. As Oliver Roeder and James Curley documented in 2014 on FiveThirtyEight about English soccer, home-field advantage has decreased over time. and the number of days of rest for each team. We can use these goal forecasts to estimate the probability of each team winning, as well as the chance the match will end in any given score.We then run Monte Carlo simulations to play out each league’s season 10,000 times using our individual match forecasts. As with our other forecasts, we run our Monte Carlo simulations “hot,” meaning that instead of a team’s ratings remaining static within each simulated season, the ratings can rise or fall based on the simulated matches the team plays. In effect, this widens the distribution of possible outcomes by allowing a weak team to go on a winning streak and increase its ratings substantially, or providing for the possibility that a strong team loses its first few games of a simulated season and is penalized accordingly.Leagues and tiersOne challenge when building such a system is the large number of leagues around the world: we have over 400 in our database. Determining a team’s strength within its league is relatively straightforward, but figuring out its strength relative to teams in other leagues is a second challenge. There are often few matches between teams in different leagues or regions. For example, clubs in the Americas rarely play European clubs aside from the Club World Cup or summer warmup matches, for which European sides often don’t field their best teams. 3Portugal To compare different leagues, we’ve come up with a tiered system. Each league belongs to a tier, and each successive tier is a bit weaker9By a margin equivalent to 0.2 goals per game, spread between offensive and defensive ratings. than the one above it. We calculated these tiers using both an analysis of interleague matches (e.g. Champions League or Europa League) and UEFA’s league-strength coefficients.Right now we’re about halfway through the European club season, and several leagues have good races brewing for the last few months. You can follow along at our interactive.
Welcome to The Lab, FiveThirtyEight’s basketball podcast. On this week’s show (Feb. 1, 2018), Neil, Chris and Kyle break down the recent rash of significant injuries to key players on the Washington Wizards, Cleveland Cavaliers, New Orleans Pelicans and Oklahoma City Thunder. John Wall and Kevin Love suffered injuries that will sideline them for at least several weeks, and DeMarcus Cousins and Andre Roberson are out for the remainder of the season. How will these losses affect each team and the playoff forecast? We take a look. Next, we talk about the Los Angeles Clippers’ decision to trade star Blake Griffin to the Detroit Pistons, and speculate about how Pistons coach Stan Van Gundy might use the power forward.Here are links to what we discussed this week:ESPN reported that the Wizards’ John Wall’s knee surgery would have him out at least two months.The Pelicans’ Boogie Cousins will be out for the rest of the season with a torn Achilles.Meanwhile, the Cavaliers’ Kevin Love will miss six to eight weeks with a hand fracture.And the Thunder’s Andre Roberson is done for the year with a ruptured patellar tendon.Chris Herring calls the Pistons’ trade for Griffin a desperate move that may backfire. More: Apple Podcasts | ESPN App | RSS | Embed Embed Code By Neil Paine, Chris Herring and Kyle Wagner
Western Michigan goalie Stephanie Heber saves a shot from Ohio State senior forward Eleanor Gabriel (8) in the first half of the Buckeyes’ 2-0 win over the Brocos on Sept. 1. Credit: Mac Connor | Lantern ReporterThe Ohio State women’s soccer team (3-0-1) earned its second straight home win with a 2-0 victory over Western Michigan (2-1) at Jesse Owens Memorial Stadium Friday night. Goals from forwards Meghan Kammerdeiner and Marissa Birzon propelled the team to victory.The game started off with a frantic pace, leading to many changes of possession in the center of the pitch. Forward Sammy Edwards provided the only early excitement five minutes into the game, forcing Western Michigan goalie Stephanie Heber to make a full extension save.The Buckeye offense found its footing 10 minutes into the game, applying pressure on the Western Michigan defense throughout the first half with sound passing and a frenzy of through balls and corners. Even when the Broncos moved the ball to midfield, the Buckeyes quickly regained possession, dominating possession in an effort to make Western Michigan midfielder Grace Labadie’s early shot the only one on goal.“Our team works really hard with the no-shot mentality”, said goalie Devon Kerr earlier this week. “Clean sheets are like really important for us this year, so that’s been huge.”The Western Michigan Broncos managed another shot by the end of the half, but were outshot by the Buckeyes 12-2 in the half. Ohio State also earned three corners, compared to Western Michigan’s zero. The teams went into halftime in a 0-0 draw, hoping the warmth of the locker rooms would provide a needed energy boost on the cold night.There was a visible adjustment period to the 30-degree weather drop this morning as the Buckeyes came out of the locker room firing on all cylinders to kick off the second half.“We have this saying called, ‘Control the controllable,’” Kammerdeinger said. “We don’t have control of the weather obviously, so we’re going to come in and take care of business of what we do have.”The second half started much like the end of the first, with the Buckeyes holding possession and earning a quick corner kick. The Broncos started a strong push 20 minutes into the half, earning a quality shot on goal and their first corner. The Buckeyes struggled to manage the corner, leading to another shot, which left the ball helplessly bouncing in front of the net until goalie Devon Kerr managed to gain control.Western Michigan continued to press over the next 15 minutes, applying steady pressure on the Buckeyes’ defense and doubling up their shot total in a matter of minutes.Ohio State responded by pushing the ball hard to the end line, earning a series of crosses culminating in a goal in the 69th minute from Kammerdeiner. Midfielder Nikki Walts provided the perfect cross landing the ball softly in the box for Kammerdeiner to finish it home and give the Buckeyes a 1-0 lead.“What helped us a lot, was that we have a lot of variety,” Kammerdeiner said earlier this week. “We have players that are able to play different types of balls and behind, get end line and change it up based on what the defense is showing us, and we can do that on the fly which has helped us a lot.”This versatility of the team proved fruitful in keeping the ball on the Western Michigan end the majority of the match, eventually leading to a Kammerdeiner score.The Buckeyes didn’t take long to add to their lead. Defender Izzy Rodriguez showed a bit of her ability to play the whole field in sending a curving cross landing right at the feet of forward Marissa Birzon. Birzon then chipped the ball high over goalie Stephanie Heber, who could only get her fingertips on the ball as it spun into the goal to give Ohio State a 2-0 lead.After the game Kammerdeiner said the versatility of the team she talked about earlier in the week helped lead to Friday’s win.“I think it’s just amazing how much depth we have on our team,” Kammerdeiner said. “We can have these freshman come in against everyone else’s rest and they’re just as good as us. They’re pushing us everyday to get better, and it really drives our team forward.”Although the Buckeyes held a comfortable lead, they continued to apply the pressure through the end of the match. Never appearing satisfied with the lead they held, Ohio State continued racking up shots and opportunities while trying to complete the clean sheet the team has placed such high value on.Ohio State outshot Western Michigan 19-7 and allowed just four shots to reach Kerr in net. The team has yet to allow a goal since the 30th minute of their opening match against Arizona State, making it 330 minutes since an opponent has scored.The Buckeyes’ next game is against South Florida Saturday at 6 p.m. at Bert L. & Iris S. Wolstein Field at Jesse Owens Memorial Stadium.
Wide receiver Austin Mack comes down with a 31-yard reception in the third quarter against Oklahoma. Credit: Jack Westerheide | Photo EditorAfter exiting Ohio State’s 31-16 loss to Oklahoma in the second half with an injury, sophomore wide receiver Austin Mack is “probable” for the team’s game against Army Saturday, coach Urban Meyer said in his press conference.Mack made a leaping catch in the third quarter of the Oklahoma game and brought down the 31-yard pass, but hit his head when he landed and was forced to leave the game.“He’s just feeling much better today,” Meyer said. “So they’re very cautious about it. We’ll know more tomorrow. But I put him as probable for the game.”The second-year wideout has two receptions for 37 yards this season. The two receptions matches his total from a year ago, and the 37 yards eclipse last season’s total of 15. He has been listed every week as one of Ohio State’s starting wide receivers. Kickoff for Ohio State’s game against Army is scheduled for 4:30 p.m. in Ohio Stadium.
Ohio State senior linebacker Chris Worley (35) returns to the line of scrimmage after breaking up a pass in the third quarter of the 2017 Cotton Bowl against University of Southern California on Dec. 29 in AT&T Stadium in Arlington, TX. Ohio State won 24-7. Credit: Jack Westerheide | Photo EditorFormer Buckeye linebacker Chris Worley signed with the Cincinnati Bengals as an undrafted free agent, Ohio State announced Saturday evening. Worley is one of three former Buckeyes to join the Bengals, who drafted center Billy Price in the first round and defensive end Sam Hubbard in the third round. Playing in 50 career games, Worley recorded 154 tackles in his Ohio State career. He had 24 career starts and has starting experience at all three linebacker positions. During his junior season, Worley started on the outside, recording 70 tackles, with 4.5 tackles for loss, a forced fumble and an interception, earning him honorable mention All-Big Ten honors. Last season, Worley initially moved inside to take over the middle linebacker spot when Raekwon McMillan was drafted. But he missed three games due to a foot injury and started at least one game at all three linebacker positions. He was fifth on the team with 56 tackles and had four quarterback hurries. The former Buckeye participated in the 2018 NFL Combine, running a 4.86 40-yard dash with 15 bench press reps and a 29.5-inch vertical jump, all near the bottom of the linebacker group.
Ohio State redshirt sophomore linebacker Tuf Borland (32) takes down Indiana quarterback Peyton Ramsey (12) in the second quarter of the game against Indiana on Oct. 6. Ohio State won 49-26. Credit: Casey Cascaldo | Photo EditorFollowing a 49-26 victory against Indiana, Ohio State has areas in its game to focus on moving forward.After allowing 300 yards to sophomore quarterback Peyton Ramsey, including multiple throws down the field with little pressure on the defensive front, the defense has things to work on coming into a matchup against Minnesota.Fortunately for Ohio State, the Golden Gophers’ offense offers an opportunity for the Buckeyes defense to work on these troubling areas.Minnesota heads to Ohio Stadium with a 3-2 record and a two-game losing streak to Big Ten opponents — a 42-13 beatdown from Maryland and a 48-31 home loss to Iowa.Minnesota comes in ranked in the bottom 50 in every major offensive category in the NCAA, including the 50th-lowest points per game, 31st-lowest passing yards per game, 35th-worst rushing yards per game, 17th-worst total yards per game and tied for the 21st-most turnovers.Freshman quarterback Zack Annexstad runs the Golden Gopher offense, completing 52 percent of his passes for 924 pass yds, eight touchdowns and five interceptions.“Obviously he’s a good player,” sophomore linebacker Tuf Borland said. “It’ll be a good test for us.”Three wide receivers — junior Tyler Johnson, freshman Rashod Bateman and redshirt freshman Chris Autman-Bell — have accounted for 90 percent of the receptions for the Golden Gophers this season.Johnson leads the team with 28 catches for 402 yards and six touchdowns. The touchdowns are tied for No. 10 in the nation. Bateman has the only other three receiving touchdowns of the trio, and has 27 receptions for 257 yards. Autman-Bell is up to 14 catches for 220 yards.In the run game, freshman and redshirt freshman running backs Bryce Williams and Mohamed Ibrahim take most of the carries, combining for 569 yards and one touchdown. The majority of the the rushing touchdowns go to redshirt sophomore wide receiver Seth Green, who has five touchdowns on 28 carries despite averaging only 3.3 yards per rush.“They run hard, you know they’re physical backs,” Borland said. “That goes for their whole offense, they’re gonna line up, they’re gonna run at you, and they’re going to see how tough you are.”The real strength for Minnesota is in its defense, where the Golden Gophers allows 324.2 yards per game, No. 21 in the NCAA. Their 23.4 points allowed per game is tied for No. 41.Ohio State head coach Urban Meyer said their defense is “outstanding,” while also calling them a “top-20 defense.”Minnesota’s defense is solid on both fronts, ranking in the top 40 in both passing and rushing yards allowed in the NCAA.Junior linebacker Carter Coughlin is the standout for the Golden Gophers, totaling 15 tackles, with 6.5 tackles for loss, including five sacks.“They’re not a big pressure team, but they’ve got a great pass rusher,” Meyer said. “[Coughlin]: Excellent player.”PredictionMinnesota’s defense has an opportunity to prove how talented it really is, and with Ohio State’s running game struggling as of late, it can look there for some big stops early on.Annexstad has three major targets to look for through the air to exploit a pass defense that has faltered in its past few games.But Ohio State is simply the better team on both sides of the ball.Redshirt sophomore quarterback Dwayne Haskins has been unstoppable through six games, with his biggest “slip up” coming in a 270-yard, three-touchdown effort on the road against No. 8 Penn State.The Golden Gophers might have a strong pass defense, but they have not faced a quarterback like Haskins. On the opposite side, redshirt junior defensive tackle Dre’Mont Jones and sophomore defensive end Chase Young should exploit this Minnesota offense, and Annexstad doesn’t have an arm strong enough to pick on these defensive backs who have struggles as of late.Expect Ohio State to win, and to win big, against an outmatched Minnesota team.Wyatt Crosher: 52-13 Ohio StateColin Gay: 56-14 Ohio State Edward Sutelan: 49-17 Ohio State
Ohio State coach Chris Holtmann talks to freshman guard Duane Washington Jr. (4) in the second half of the game against Maryland. Ohio State lost 75-61. Credit: Casey Cascaldo | Photo EditorDuring Ohio State’s ongoing losing streak, which was stretched to four games following the Buckeyes’ 75-61 defeat to No. 19 Maryland, many of the struggles have been on the offensive side.After giving up 86 points to Michigan State, Ohio State allowed its next two opponents to shoot a combined 43.5 percent from the field in its losses to Rutgers and Iowa.But on Friday, it was the Buckeyes’ defense that hurt them the most.The Terrapins shot 58.1 percent from the field and 64.7 from deep in the 14-point win, while Ohio State shot 23.1 percent from behind the arc and 39 percent overall.“I think my biggest frustration tonight was our lack of activity defensively,” head coach Chris Holtmann said.In the days leading up to the Maryland matchup, Holtmann described the offense as Ohio State’s major issue during the streak.In previous defeats, the Buckeyes were sloppy with the ball, turning it over a season-high 21 times against the Hawkeyes, and failing to hit shots down the stretch, shooting less than 40 percent in the second halves of both of the previous defeats.Against the Terrapins, there were more of the same issues, with Ohio State shooting 9-for-29 overall in the final 20 minutes, including a span of more than six minutes where the Buckeyes were held scoreless.But even with the continued issues scoring the basket, Holtmann said it was the defense that let him down in the loss.Senior guard C.J. Jackson said it doesn’t come down to talent, but effort, and it’s costing the team in the recent stretch.“The biggest thing is we’re just shooting ourselves in the foot, whether it’s a bad shot or just not defending well enough,” Jackson said. “We’re very capable, I mean we’re in the game most of these games, goes down to the last couple minutes, I guess you could say that’s what’s frustrating.”Even with Maryland hitting 3 pointers more than it was missing them, the Buckeyes were largely defeated due to the Terrapins’ presence down low.The pair of 6-foot-10 forwards, sophomore Bruno Fernando and freshman Jalen Smith, were able to find space inside against the smaller sophomore forwards of Kaleb Wesson and Kyle Young, forcing both players off the court with foul troubles.Fernando and Smith combined for 23 points and 21 rebounds on 8-of-10 shooting, helping Maryland out rebound Ohio State 33-26.In the loss that continued the longest losing streak since Holtmann has arrived at Ohio State, new problems surfaced defensively.But there were improvements in areas that had been major concerns through the past three defeats.Ohio State committed 10 turnovers against Maryland, 11 fewer than the previous game, while forcing 19 on the defensive side.Holtmann said there were large segments of the game where he was pleased with how the offense was finding shots, even if they weren’t falling.With a four-game losing streak after winning 12 of the first 13 games, the Buckeyes are falling from contention in the Big Ten.Matchups against Purdue, Nebraska and No. 2 Michigan are next on the schedule, and with defensive and offensive struggles alike causing issues with the team, it will take a complete change in momentum to shift the tides.Jackson said the team’s confidence won’t be a cause for concern.“I don’t think confidence should be an issue with anybody,” Jackson said. “At this point, confidence shouldn’t be an issue to anybody in the locker room, and I don’t think that’s it.”
Borussia Dortmund manager Lucien Favre and sporting director Michael Zorc have heaped praises on Jadon Sancho and Paco Alcacer after the two players inspired the German side to a 3-1 win over Eintracht Frankfurt.Abdou Diallo gave Favre’s men the lead when he scored his first Bundesliga goal in the 36th minute but Frankfurt leveled through Sebastian Haller in the 68th minute after he pounced on a mistake by Dortmund’s Marcel Schmelzer.Former Frankfurt player Marius Wolf restored the Bundesliga giants’ lead in the 72nd minute after good combination play with Jadon Sancho, before Alcacer sealed all three points with a debut goal in the 88th minute.Zorc spoke to reporters after the game, saying, as quoted by ESPN: “Jadon Sancho hit the ground running after coming on.”Merson believes Arsenal should sign Sancho Manuel R. Medina – September 14, 2019 Borussia Dortmund winger Jadon Sancho might be the perfect player to play for the Gunners, according to former England international Paul Merson.“We know that his strength is to take on opponents one-on-one. If he assists a goal, that’s always good. Axel Witsel gained control of the game right after coming on as well,” Zorc said. “And of course, I’m happy for Paco [Alcacer] for scoring his first goal in his first game with a great left-footed strike. You can see that he understands football well and that he links up well with the team. You saw that also in how he instigated our second goal [by teeing up Sancho].”Favre also said during his postgame news conference: “The substitutes made the difference in the end. Jadon Sancho, Axel Witsel and Paco Alcacer added new impulses. The 2-1 was a well-crafted goal and after retaking the lead, the team was playing very well.”Meanwhile, Favre is not sure if Alcacer will play a part in Dortmund’s UEFA Champions League opener against Basel.He said: “Paco is here for 10 days. He played in a friendly for only 65 minutes during the international break because he hasn’t played a lot of games in the past two years,” Favre said. “He’s lacking match rhythm. Sadly, he felt a pain in his muscles after the game. Though we aren’t sure yet what it is.”
Arsenal legend Emmanuel Petit accused Mesut Ozil of lacking any desire on the pitchThe former Real Madrid playmaker was brought off by manager Unai Emery at half-time in Arsenal’s 1-1 draw at Brighton on Boxing Day.And Petit has been left far from impressed by Ozil’s mentality over the past two years for the Gunners.“Arsenal were magnificent against Brighton for 30 minutes,” Petit told Paddy Power.“They played good football but, just as they did at Southampton, disappeared all of a sudden.“The quality they had been showing vanished and it became obvious what their weakest link was – the defence. The goal they conceded was awful.“Mesut Ozil was taken off at halftime. I’m a big fan of his, but he has been a ghost for two years.“Where is the Ozil who was one of the best players around, making so many assists and goals? I think he has lost his desire on the pitch, it’s not there any more.”The French World Cup winner also believes Arsenal’s defence isn’t good enough ahead of Saturday’s trip to Anfield to take on unbeaten Premier League leaders Liverpool.Petit added: “In defence they are weak, they’re average. They make individual and collective errors.Liverpool legend Nicol slams Harry Maguire’s Man United form Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Steve Nicol believes Harry Maguire has made some “horrendous mistakes” recently, and has failed to find his best form since joining Manchester United.“Sometimes you have to laugh. They injuries are not an excuse, most of the players who stepped in are internationals.“The quality they had been showing vanished (at Brighton) and it became obvious what their weakest link was – the defence.“I don’t know what’s going on with some of these players. During the long unbeaten run you thought Arsenal are back on track.“But now I look back at the number of those games in which they were lucky and, suddenly, reality returned.“They need to raise their game mentally on Saturday. I’ve seen glimpses of improvement compared to previous years but you can’t perform for just half an hour against Liverpool.“You need to be fully switched on for 90 minutes, especially away from home.“If Arsenal go to Anfield thinking they can just keep plodding away the way they have been, it’s over – they’ll leave the stadium with three or four goals against them.”Petit played for Arsenal in midfield between 1997 to 2000, where he won the Premier League and FA Cup before joining Barcelona.The Frenchman also had spells with AS Monaco and Chelsea before announcing his retirement in January 2005.
Walt Disney Co. reported higher quarterly profit that beat Wall Street forecasts as cable networks, including ESPN, brought in higher advertising revenue and collected more fees from pay TV distributors.Disney shares were roughly unchanged in after-hours trading. In August, the stock plummeted when the company acknowledged a decline in subscribers at ESPN, elevating fears across the pay television business about a shift to online video services.For July through September, Disney’s net income rose to $1.61 billion, or 95 cents per share, from $1.50 billion, or 86 cents per share, a year earlier. Excluding items, the company earned $1.20 per share, beating analysts’ expectations of $1.14, according to Thomson Reuters.Revenue came in slightly below analysts’ estimates. The company also said it lost subscribers at certain cable networks while it gained customers from the SEC Network it launched last year.Overall, the media networks unit that includes ESPN, the Disney Channels and ABC recorded a 27% increase in operating income to $1.8 billion.Disney Chief Executive Officer Bob Iger said the company was sticking with the forecast it gave in August when the company lowered its cable profit guidance after saying ESPN had experienced “modest” subscriber losses.On Thursday, Iger said he remained “bullish” about ESPN and “there was no reason to panic” about his earlier comments acknowledging changes in TV viewing habits.”We like the environment because we think long-term it gives us more opportunities,” Iger said.The threat of “cord-cutting” or dropping of pay TV service, remains a key concern for investors. On Wednesday, media stocks dropped when Time Warner Inc said it needed to take new steps to adapt to the television shakeup.Disney’s latest results for ESPN “should be comforting” to shareholders, CLSA analyst Vasily Karasyov said.The company’s total revenue rose 9.1% to $13.51 billion, but missed the average analyst estimate of about $13.57 billion.Disney’s theme parks unit posted a 7% rise in operating profit to $687 million, lifted by higher spending and attendance at its US parks.At the movie studio, films “Inside Out” and “Ant-Man” helped profit more than double to $530 million.The consumer products division recorded a 10% jump in profit to $416 million, driven by licensing revenue from “Frozen,” “Avengers” and classic “Star Wars” merchandise, the company said.
Kasautii Zindagiii Kay 2 actress Erica FernandesinstagramErica Fernandes has emerged as one of the most sought after actresses of the telly world in recent times. While the actress enjoys a massive fan following, her fanbase multiplied two-fold after she played Prerna in Ekta Kapoor’s popular show Kasautii Zindagii Kay 2. Her striking chemistry with lead actor Parth Samthaan aka Anurag Basu is another factor for the show being loved by millions.Although Erica has a hectic work schedule, she recently managed to take some time out to shoot for another show. Yes, Erica will soon be seen in Colors’ show Khatra Khatra Khatra with Bharti Singh and Haarsh Limbachiyaa.Erica shot for the show on July 24 and will be seen performing fun tasks on the show, PinkVilla reported. She is one among the many celebrities who have appeared on Khatra Khatra Khatra.The gorgeous actress must have been paid a whopping amount to appear on Khatra Khatra Khatra given that Erica’s show runs on a rival channel.Earlier, Parth had participated in Colors Kitchen Champions and was rumoured to be the highest-paid celebrity contestant to appear on the show. Besides his crazy fan following, it was said that one of the primary reasons for the fat paycheque was apparently because Parth’s show airs on a rival channel.Meanwhile, angry fans of Kasautii Zindagii Kay 2 are blasting the makers for not uniting Prerna and Anurag. As per the recent development on the show, Prerna married Mr Bajaj (Karan Singh Grover), ditching her love Anurag. Such is the craze for Anurag and Prerna that fans started trending #WeWantAnuPreOnly on social media despite knowing that Mr Bajaj’s entry will change the equation between Anurag-Prerna. Kasautii Zindagii Kay 2 stars Erica Fernandes and Parth Samthaan in Switzerlandinstagram
Prabhas’ remuneration in SaahoTwitterAfter the grand success of Baahubali 2, Prabhas is all set to appear in a completely different avatar in Saaho. While his fans are extremely excited for the release of the film, the kind of remuneration that Prabhas is being paid for the film will blow everyone’s mind.Saaho is a highly big budget film with popular stars including Prabhas, Shraddha Kapoor, Jackie Shroff, Chunky Pandey, Neil Nitin Mukesh, Mahesh Manjrekar among others.As the film’s release is nearing, reports talking about Prabhas being paid a whopping sum of Rs 100 crore have been doing the rounds. If this is true, Prabhas has become the highest paid Indian actor beating all the biggies like the three Khans or Rajnikanth.Apart from Rs 100 crore as fixed fees for Saaho, some reports even claimed that he will also be having a share in the film’s profit. However, all these are still just rumours as no one from the team has confirmed anything regarding the actor’s remuneration.Directed by Sujeeth, Saaho is an action thriller with extensive use of VFX. The teaser of the film impressed all with high octane action, fresh chemistry of Prabhas and Shraddha, and interesting dialogues.Set to be released in four languages, Saaho is certainly expected to have a massive opening at the box office. The film will hit the theatres on August 30.
LOUISVILLE, Ky. – University of Louisville junior Anthony McRoberts has been named an ACC Performer of the Week following his two-win showing at the Houston Spring Break Invitational. This is the first ACC weekly honor for McRoberts. The native of Cahokia, Ill. won the high jump with a mark of 2.11m/6-11 and won the triple jump with a personal-best mark of 15.27m/50-01.25. His high jump mark ranks fifth nationally, and his triple jump mark ranks ninth nationally. The Cardinals travel back to Houston to compete in the Victor Lopez Classic this Friday and Saturday. Print Friendly Version Story Links
More information: code.google.com/p/flyspeck/wik … AnnouncingCompletionvia Newscientist This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Computer generated math proof is too large for humans to check It was back in 1611 that Johannes Kepler first suggested in a paper he’d written (after corresponding with Thomas Harriot) that if you want to stack cannon balls on a ship’s deck in the most efficient way possible (a question originally posed by Sir Walter Raleigh), the best way to do it is in a pyramid shape. Cut to 1998 when Hales completed work on his written proof (which included portions that could only be verified by computer). But it was huge, as many mathematical proofs tend to be—300 pages in all that took 12 reviewers four years to verify. A 99 percent certainty rating wasn’t enough for Hales, however, so he launched the Flyspeck Project to create a means for proving the proof correct using a computer.Hales and his team used two software tools that have been created for the sole purpose of verifying proofs—HOL Light and Isabelle—they work by checking the logic of statements made in the proof. Now after eleven years of work, the team has announced that they’ve succeeded in their endeavor. Hales’ original proof has been converted to code the computer can work with and the software checkers found no discrepancies, which means the proof of the conjecture has been verified.The success by the team highlights a growing movement of using computers to verify proofs that human beings have created giving the results more credence. Computers have also been used to construct original proofs for some basic problems, which suggests that someday in the not-too-distant future, computers will be doing all the heavy work, leaving mathematicians to ponder the deeper questions regarding what the proofs represent and how they can be used in real world applications. Citation: Team announces construction of a formal computer-verified proof of the Kepler conjecture (2014, August 13) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2014-08-team-formal-computer-verified-proof-kepler.html (Phys.org) —A team of researchers led by the man, Thomas Hales, who came up with written proof of the Kepler conjecture is now reporting that they have constructed a formal proof of the conjecture, which implies the use of a computer. The announcement was made on The Flyspeck Project page, and puts to rest any doubts about the correctness of the proof done by Hales in 1998. Explore further © 2014 Phys.org One of the diagrams from Strena Seu de Nive Sexangula, illustrating the Kepler conjecture