AQM Badruddoza Chowdhury (L) and Kamal HossainFormer president Badruddoza Chowdhury and Gana Forum president Kamal Hossain have called for a national unity for the emergence of a greater political force.They came up with the call in a joint statement issued on Thursday.”We call upon all those who love the country, believe in the country’s Liberation War, independence and sovereignty to get united to build a progressive Bangladesh ensuring the full rights of all communities live both in plains and hills,” the statement reads.They said a greater political force must emerge comprising students, educated and noted citizens, lawyers, physicians, teachers, freedom fighters and their family members, businesspeople, workers, farmers, ex-government and non-government officials and employees and other professionals apart from like-mined political parties with a demand for acceptable Election Commission, election system and election laws for holding the next election in a fair, credible and impartial manner with the participation of all political parties and individuals.They also said the new political force will also be meant for building a happy and prosperous Bangladesh free from poverty, corruption and terrorism.Explaining the background of the 1971 Liberation War, the two leaders said the liberation-aspiring people of Bangladesh earned independence and established democracy through their self-sacrifices in a nine-month bloody war.”The constitution written with the blood of 30 lakh martyrs is the highest law of Bangladesh. The charter clearly states that all the powers of the republic belong to people, and the power will be exercised through the elected representatives,” the statement observed.The two leaders said people start losing their power when the values and the spirit of the Liberation War are neglected and people’s rights are ignored.”Under the circumstances, it’s a time-befitting demand for building a non-violent political platform uniting people to ensure their empowerment,” the statement added.Mentioning that people’s unity is the great power, the duo said ‘many powers’ in the world had to bow out to people’s united efforts. “The people of Bangladesh must get united to bring a meaningful change to the social system.”
rangamatiAn activist of a leading ethnic political group was shot dead and another suffered injuries in a gunfight between its two factions in Dosarpara Steel Bridge area in Langadu upazila in Rangamati on Friday, reports UNB.The deceased was identified as Boli Chakma aka Jongli. The injured person was named as Sumati Chakma.They were said to be activists of United People’s Democratic Front (UPDF).The officer-in-charge of Langdu police station, Ranjan Samanta, said two rival groups of UPDF exchanged gunshots in the morning over establishing supremacy, leaving Jongli killed on the spot and Sumati injured.On information, the police went to the spot, the officer said.
The outline of M33s neutral hydrogen disk is shown in black, with all of the discrete detected clouds overlaid. The figure was made by integrating the flux over the velocity range of each cloud, then filling in the lowest contour. The central velocity of each cloud was used so the colours are indicative of this velocity. Velocities shown are relative to M33. Credit: Keenan et al., 2016. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. The detection was made by a team of astronomers led by Olivia C. Keenan of the Cardiff University, U.K. The researchers used a set of data provided by the Arecibo Galaxy Environment Survey (AGES) that utilizes the Arecibo Telescope in Puerto Rico. AGES is a neutral atomic hydrogen survey aimed at searching for galaxies in different areas of the local universe. The scientists have analyzed the data from AGES to look at the neutral hydrogen distribution around M33. Investigating this area, they were searching for any hydrogen clouds that could be starless dwarf satellites of the galaxy. Due to the proximity of M33 and the high quality of AGES data, the team could easily detect new clouds around this galaxy.”It wasn’t too difficult to detect clouds around M33. What was more difficult was working out whether the clouds were part of the disk of M33, near M33 but unattached, or whether they were, in fact, related to our Milky Way galaxy. This meant we had to study each cloud in a lot of detail to work out if it was associated with M33,” Keenan told Phys.org.The team managed to detect 11 new clouds. They also found out that many previously detected clouds are actually part of the low neutral hydrogen disk of M33. However, they were not able to identify any stars associated with these clouds.”We now know a lot about where the gas is around M33 and what it looks like. M33 has an extended neutral hydrogen gas disk which is larger than the optical galaxy as it extends further than the stars. This disk is warped and has lots of clumpy dense regions, which may hint towards a past close encounter with the Andromeda galaxy. M33 also has a population of gas clouds which don’t have any stars associated with them. This is interesting, as we don’t know how these clouds of gas got there, or why they don’t have stars,” Keenan said.According to the study, the largest cloud found by the researchers, designated AGESM33-31, is the most intriguing one. It has a diameter of nearly 60,000 light years and a neutral hydrogen mass of about 12 million solar masses. If the cloud is at the distance of M33, it is larger in size than the galaxy.”We have found a large ring-shaped cloud which appears to be about as big as M33 itself,” Keenan noted.The origin of AGESM33-31 is yet to be determined. One of the hypotheses proposed by the team is that this cloud is the further extension of the Magellanic Stream. The researchers also suppose that the cloud could be the remnants of a dark galaxy that has been disrupted. However, these explanations do not account for the hole observed in this ring-shaped feature.”We have investigated the possibility that this hole may have been formed by a supernova, but found it to be around an order of magnitude too large for this to be a satisfactory explanation. AGESM33-31 remains an interesting and intriguing object, we would need additional observations to allow us to make further comment on its nature,” the scientists wrote in a paper.Keenan concluded that although the Arecibo Telescope is excellent to look for gas around nearby galaxies, a more powerful observatory, like the Square Kilometer Array (SKA), would be needed to continue the search in more remote locations.”We hope that as telescopes improve we will be able to detect more gas around galaxies, and see gas around galaxies which are further away. When the Square Kilometer Array telescope is complete it will be great for this kind of work,” she said.SKA is an international project to built a network of radio telescopes in Australia and South Africa. These telescopes will be tens of times more sensitive and hundreds of times faster at mapping the sky than today’s best radio astronomy facilities. First observations are currently scheduled for 2020. Explore further Citation: Giant hydrogen cloud spotted around the Triangulum Galaxy (2016, May 12) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2016-05-giant-hydrogen-cloud-triangulum-galaxy.html More information: The Structure of Halo Gas Around M33, arXiv:1605.01628 [astro-ph.GA] arxiv.org/abs/1605.01628AbstractUnderstanding the distribution of gas in and around galaxies is vital for our interpretation of galaxy formation and evolution. As part of the Arecibo Galaxy Environment Survey (AGES) we have observed the neutral hydrogen (HI) gas in and around the nearby Local Group galaxy M33 to a greater depth than previous observations. As part of this project we investigated the absence of optically detected dwarf galaxies in its neighbourhood, which is contrary to predictions of galaxy formation models. We observed 22 discrete clouds, 11 of which were previously undetected and none of which have optically detected counterparts. We find one particularly interesting hydrogen cloud, which has many similar characteristics to hydrogen distributed in the disk of a galaxy. This cloud, if it is at the distance of M33, has a HI mass of around 10^7 Msun and a diameter of 18 kpc, making it larger in size than M33 itself. Image: Our flocculent neighbour, the spiral galaxy M33 © 2016 Phys.org (Phys.org)—While peering into the nearby Triangulum Galaxy known as M33, astronomers have detected what appears to be a giant cloud of hydrogen around it. According to research published online on May 5 on the arXiv pre-print server, the cloud is extremely large, even bigger than the galaxy itself. The discovery could improve our knowledge about the distribution of gas in and around galaxies.
Kolkata: The Central level administrative review meeting of the state government is going to be held on May 8.The meeting will be held at Nabanna Sabhaghar. Sources said that the meeting will start from 1.30 pm. Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee will be taking stock of the progress of different projects in the state.This is the second Central level administrative review meeting that is going to be held in Nabanna Sabhaghar. The first meeting was held here on September 4 in 2017 and on the same day, the state-of-the-art auditorium adjacent to Nabanna was inaugurated. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsIt may be mentioned that before the venue of the meeting was shifted to Nabanna Sabhaghar, the Central level administrative review meeting used to be held at Town Hall. It may be mentioned that the new venue, with a seating capacity of around 1,000 people, is more spacious compared to Town Hall.It may be mentioned that the Chief Minister visits every district to take stock of the progress of different projects and holds district level administrative review meetings. She also holds the Central level administrative review meeting in Kolkata. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedMinisters and top brass of all departments, senior administrative and police officers and senior officers from districts will be present in the Central level administrative review meeting. The Chief Minister will take stock of the progress of work undertaken by each department. She will also discuss different issues of the departments and the projects taken up by them.It may be recalled that after the last Central level administrative review meeting in September 2017, the Chief Minister had raised her concern over the thirty thousand pending court cases, which was leading to a huge amount of recurring cost to the state government. She had also directed the concerned departments to take necessary steps in this regard.Meanwhile, the meeting of the state plan for the 2019-20 financial year was held in the state secretariat on Thursday. The meeting was led by Chief Secretary Malay De. Senior officials of all the departments attended the meeting, in which there was preliminary discussion on planning of each of the departments for the next financial year.
Upping their ante against the land bill, MPs of several opposition parties are planning to take out a march to Rashtrapati Bhavan next Tuesday to register their protest against the amendments proposed to be carried out in the Act of 2013. JD(U) chief Sharad Yadav is coordinating with other parties like Congress, TMC, SP, BSP, DMK and Left parties to organise the protest march, sources said here on Friday. “It is proposed to be a march of non-NDA MPs to the Rashtrapati Bhavan… Sharad Yadav is coordinating,” a source said. Congress has expressed its willingness to participate in the march, the sources said. The land bill was passed by the Lok Sabha three days back after the government carried out nine amendments and persuaded most of its allies to support it.
The online encyclopedia Wikipedia has helped usher humanity into a new digital age democratizing knowledge. At SXSW this past week, its founder Jimmy Wales sat down with Guy Kawasaki, chief evangelist of Canva, for a discussion about the future of the world’s largest encyclopedia and the pressures shaping it. Here are some of the highlights.On the current showdown between Apple and the FBIKawasaki launched the panel with the Apple’s battle over smartphone backdoors and encryption. “I’m really proud of Apple for fighting this thing,” Wales said, but he encouraged both sides of the argument to see both positives of this legal battle. By taking the FBI to court and fighting back, Wales explained, Apple is publicly ensuring that all sides are truly doing the right thing. “The worst thing for a company to do in the face of something like this would be to just roll over and do it quietly,” he said.On surveillanceWikipedia is currently embroiled in an ongoing legal battle with the National Security Agency, who was exposed as surveilling users in the Edward Snowden leaks. “This has serious implications for freedom of expression,” he said. “The people who aren’t involved in technology, who don’t come from from this world…trust the government to not abuse these powers. Given history, I think you would be foolish to trust governments to not abuse these powers.” To put a finer point on it he asked, to cheers: “Would you really trust Donald Trump with these powers?”On the need for diversityWales said a lack of diversity in tech — and at Wikipedia — has huge impact. “We need more diversity in the community, not just for PC reasons and diversity, he said, but for better exploration of ideas and topics. He explained that Wikipedia entries currently reflect the strengths and expertise of its writers. Entries on USB standards, for example, are far superior to less techie topics such as early childhood development. A greater variety of writers can work together to create a more unified and useful experience for a wider population. Approachable software and a supportive community are key to breaking down barriers in creating diversity, Wales said.On Artificial IntelligenceThere could come a day when artificial intelligence is strong enough to write its own encyclopedia articles. Wales isn’t worried yet. “Google can’t even do a decent translation of something that’s already written, much less go from scratch,” he said, calling strong encyclopedia writing “among the very highest of human capacities.” But if it does happen? “Once computers can write encyclopedia articles, we’re close to a very different world and we have bigger things to worry about than writing Wikipedia,” he said. “if it happens in our lifetimes, we might live forever.” Growing a business sometimes requires thinking outside the box. Register Now » March 20, 2016 Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. Free Webinar | Sept. 9: The Entrepreneur’s Playbook for Going Global 3 min read