FTC vs. Qualcomm: Why you should care Share your voice Qualcomm is the world’s biggest provider of mobile chips, and it created technology that’s essential for connecting phones to cellular networks. The company derives a significant portion of its revenue from licensing those inventions to hundreds of device makers, with the fee based on the value of the entire phone, not just the components. But not all licensees want to pay as much as Qualcomm charges, and governments around the world have been investigating Qualcomm’s licensing practices for anticompetitive practices.In September 2009, Japan said investigations into Qualcomm found the company was violating the country’s Antimonopoly Act when it came to trade practices. The inquiries found that Qualcomm coerced Japanese handset manufacturers, such as Sony, to sign contracts that prevented them from asserting their own intellectual property rights. “This tends to impede the Japanese manufacturers’ … incentive to engage in research and development pertaining to technologies related to CDMA subscriber units, CDMA base stations and semiconductor integrated circuits used therein and tends to further strengthen Qualcomm’s influential position in the market pertaining to the technologies, thereby tending to impede fair competition in the technology market,” the JFTC said at the time. The Tokyo High Court in 2010 issued a stay on the cease-and-desist order. Since then, the JFTC has held 37 separate hearings on the case, Qualcomm said, and it rejected an initial finding related to cross-license agreements between Qualcomm and Japanese manufacturers. But it ultimately determined that Qualcomm’s licensing practices didn’t violate antitrust law. Comments Tags See also 2:11 Phones Components Tech Industry Now playing: Watch this: 4 Qualcomm Japan isn’t the only government body that’s investigated Qualcomm. The US, South Korea, China and the European Union are other governments that have scrutinized Qualcomm’s business practices. All have probed whether Qualcomm hurt competition by demanding licensing terms that ultimately forced handset makers to exclusively use its chips. Though many have slapped Qualcomm with fines, none have forced it to change its licensing practices. In China in early 2015, Qualcomm agreed to pay a $975 million fine and lower its licensing fees to settle the dispute in that country. South Korea slapped the company with a $850 million fine the following year, which Qualcomm is appealing. The EU in early 2018 fined Qualcomm $1.23 billion for paying Apple to use only its chips, something Qualcomm also is appealing. And in August of that year, the company reached a settlement with Taiwan, where the country would keep the $93 million Qualcomm had paid, but the company wouldn’t owe anything more.In January, Qualcomm and the US Federal Trade Commission met in a San Jose, California, courtroom to battle over an antitrust case. The FTC has accused Qualcomm of operating a monopoly in wireless chips, forcing customers like Apple to work with it exclusively and charging excessive licensing fees for its technology. The case is now in a judge’s hands. At the same time, Qualcomm is battling its former major customer, Apple. In January 2017, the iPhone giant sued Qualcomm over its licensing practices. Qualcomm has filed countersuits and also accused Apple of patent infringement. The two have been battling in a San Diego court for the past two weeks over patents, and they’ll meet again in April over the licensing dispute.On Thursday, a judge dealt Qualcomm a blow in the upcoming licensing case. US District Court Judge Gonzalo P. Curiel of the Southern District of California ruled that Apple can keep the billions Qualcomm paid it as part of their 2013 contract. And Qualcomm is still on the hook for payments it stopped making. Qualcomm-FTC lawsuit: Everything you need to know Qualcomm can’t get back the billions it paid Apple, judge rules What the Apple-Qualcomm battle means for your next iPhone Qualcomm’s licensing practices have been facing scrutiny around the globe. Shara Tibken/CNET Qualcomm isn’t a monopoly after all, a Japanese regulatory body said Friday, reversing its decision from about a decade ago. The Japan Fair Trade Commission this week canceled a cease-and-desist order from 2009 that affected Qualcomm licensing in Japan, effectively declaring that Qualcomm wasn’t guilty of the charges against it. JFTC officials said the decision is “unusual,” according to a report from Nippon, and that this is the first time it’s revoked a cease-and-desist order since 2012. The decision gives Qualcomm a win as the company awaits a judge’s decision in the US’ probe into its business practices. “We are very gratified to learn that after years of considering the evidence and applicable legal authority, the Japan Fair Trade Commission has concluded there was nothing improper about Qualcomm’s cross-licensing program,” Don Rosenberg, Qualcomm general counsel and executive vice president, said in a statement. “Today’s decision affirms our confidence that once Qualcomm was afforded a full hearing, and actual evidence was considered, the JFTC would find that our cross-licensing program was completely lawful and the product of arms-length, good-faith negotiations with our Japanese licensees.”
Vietnam’s only private airline VietJet Aviation Joint Stock Co. has placed an order with Beoing Co. to buy 100 jets for $11.3 billion (based on the list price), reported Bloomberg. The low-cost carrier will purchase the Boeing 737 Max 200 planes.Signing of the deal is scheduled later on Monday when U.S. President Barack Obama will be on a visit to Vietnam.In a statement to the media, the airways said the delivery of the planes will start from 2019 and will help the carrier to expand its fleet to 200 by 2023.VietJet started operations in 2011 and since then Vietnam’s aviation market has grown consistently. In the past three years, the airline registered a 20 percent growth annually. Bloomberg earlier cited IATA (International Air Transport Association) data that the country is slated to be the world’s top 10 fastest growing aviation markets for the next two decades.It reported that the company today operates 250 flights a day and flies on 50 routes both in Vietnam and across the region including Thailand, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, China, Myanmar and Malaysia.”They have established themselves domestically with a strong brand and high share of the market in a very quick time,” Brendan Sobie, Singapore-based chief analyst at CAPA Centre for Aviation, told the news agency. “They seem to be extremely ambitious,” he added.In an earlier interview, VietJet’s chief executive officer Nguyen Thi Phuong Thao reportedly said she wanted VietJet to be the “Emirates of Asia,” modelled on a Dubai-based carrier that is the world’s biggest long-haul airline flying on 150 international routes. She expected an initial public offering sometime in the second quarter of 2016-17. The money raised will fund its ambitious expansion to global routes, while also to become Asia’s top budget airlines, she told Bloomberg.Vietnam’s low cost airline market even today has fewer players and remained underserved for long until VietJet’s foray. In 2015, the airline registered revenues of $488 million and passenger capacity of 9.3 million. It targets to double both revenues as well as passenger capacity in this financial year. It accounts for more than 30 percent of Vietnam’s aviation market share.Bloomberg reported earlier that Thao, who will soon become the country’s first self made female billionaire, had brought in a revolution in the conservative world of Pilipino with two-piece swimsuit clad flight attendants across the airline.According to CAPA, VietJet could soon surpass even Vietnam’s national carrier, Vietnam Airlines, as the nation’s biggest domestic carrier in 2016.
This general view shows dwellings under mud after a landslide in Rangamati on 13 June, 2017. Photo: AFPA municipality mayor of Rangamati district said as many as 95 per cent of the households destroyed in the landslides were illegal.”Less than 5 per cent of the houses destroyed in landslides were legal,” said Akbar Hossain Chowdhury, the Rangamati municipality mayor.The municipality mayor also said the district council actually gave permission to different individuals for settlement. He had no involvement with that, the mayor added.Recently at least 115 people were killed in a series of landslides in the hilly districts of southeast Bangladesh.Rangamati additional deputy commissioner Prakash Kanti told Prothom Alo that landslides killed at least 56 people in the municipality area alone.More than 150 houses were destroyed after landslides hit the areas.Authorities concerned said, according to law, anyone wanting to build a house in the area, must have deeds of the land, soil test reports, and architectural and building permission. That means the authorities only permits pucca (brick and cement) buildings.In reply to this, he said, “Most of the houses were either tin-sheds or of mud. The houses were built without our permission.”You will find a small number of houses there are pucca, Akbar Hossain added.Rangamati district council chairman Brishketu Chakma said, “The mayor can blame us, but we did not give permission for settlements there. He’s wrong.”Local people said some of the pucca buildings also collapsed in the landslides.Asked about it, the Rangamati municipality executive engineer Atikur Rahman said, “The entire hill is 80 feet but, engineers test soil up to 30 feet and submit their report.”On the other hand, some people build houses inside the hills. “Thus, it becomes tough for us to monitor the places.”Hill Tracts Citizen Committee’s president, Goutam Dewan blamed the municipality authorities in this regard.The former chairman of Rangamati municipality and district council said there is lack of coordination between municipality and district council authorities.It is high time to remove the lack of coordination, he added.*The article is rewritten in English by Toriqul Islam
rangamatiAn activist of a leading ethnic political group was shot dead and another suffered injuries in a gunfight between its two factions in Dosarpara Steel Bridge area in Langadu upazila in Rangamati on Friday, reports UNB.The deceased was identified as Boli Chakma aka Jongli. The injured person was named as Sumati Chakma.They were said to be activists of United People’s Democratic Front (UPDF).The officer-in-charge of Langdu police station, Ranjan Samanta, said two rival groups of UPDF exchanged gunshots in the morning over establishing supremacy, leaving Jongli killed on the spot and Sumati injured.On information, the police went to the spot, the officer said.
By MARK F. GRAY, Special to the AFROWithout tenants RFK Stadium no longer rocks like it did when NFL, Major League Baseball, and Major League Soccer franchises called it home. However, for one afternoon in mid-September, the venue that played host to so many big games for more than 50 years, will wake up the echoes once again.High school football takes center stage in the first Events DC Kickoff Classic on September 15 at the venerable ball park in Northeast. Six teams and three games in one day will showcase some of the best high school football talent in the area while celebrating the legacy of the game at the historic venue.“Playing at RFK is a wonderful opportunity for the student-athletes, schools, and the city as well,” Dunbar High School Athletics Director Dr. Henry Frazier told the AFRO. “It brings back memories from the old days when the DC Championship game was played there.”Dunbar moved their previously scheduled home game with the Maret School to RFK in order to open the day’s tripleheader. Frazier, who was consulted during the event’s planning, recognizes the value to his program having a chance participate in an event that is more important than wins or losses. As Dunbar looks to return to its glory days of championship success in the DCIAA, they are hoping this is the platform that launches them back into greater prominence locally after several lean years following the departure of legendary coach Craig Jeffries.“This is a great idea to bring public, private, and charter schools together for a signature event,” said Frazier. “When we first talked there was supposed to be only [one] game played but when Wilson and H.D. Woodson showed interest I knew it had to chance to be something special for DCIAA teams.”The three game schedule presents a high school football platform that will combine the legacy of interscholastic athletics with the tradition of RFK Stadium. While most of the players only know of its history and the glory years of the District’s pro football franchise playing for championships there, parents and coaches from older generations are being reunited through an event that resonates from the grass roots to the most avid sports in the community.“It is something that is bringing people from all generations together,” said Friendship Collegiate Academy Head Coach and Athletics Director Mike Hunter. “When the schedule was released you should’ve seen the looks on the faces of the parents and coaches. Naturally, the kids are excited about playing in a building where the [NFL franchise] once played. However, the buzz surrounding the “RFK games” is something that people are all over the city are talking about.”Archbishop Carroll will represent the Washington Catholic Athletic Conference against Woodrow Wilson in the second game. Historically, they are perennial contenders for championships in the DCIAA and WCAC and their alumni are traditionally avid supporters of their programs also.Friendship Collegiate plays in the day’s finale against H.D. Woodson in what may be a preview of this year’s D.C. state championship game in December. Both teams are contenders for their respective league titles but this stage for Friendship Collegiate is priceless. The branding for their program is invaluable to a program that continues to enjoy unprecedented levels of success despite their lack of resources.“These are three marquee games that feature teams with large fan bases who will show up,” Hunter adds. “While recruiting the DMV is on the map nationally, this is something that could spearhead national respect for the quality of D.C. high school football.”Fans who purchase tickets will be allowed to watch all three games for the price of one.
Kolkata: Disposing of the Public Interest Litigation (PIL) against the state government’s grant to Durga Puja organisers, the Calcutta High Court on Wednesday decided not to interfere into the matter as the legislature is the right forum to take decision on the government’s expenditure.With the Court’s direction in this connection, there is no restriction anymore for the state government in giving the grant of Rs 10,000 to each of the Puja organisers. Around 28,000 Puja organisers in the state will be receiving the grant. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeThe Division Bench of acting Chief Justice Debasish Kar Gupta and Justice Sampa Sarkar has, however, mentioned that the Court can interfere later.It may be mentioned that it was October 5 when the High Court put a stay on the state government’s decision to give the grant to the Durga Puja organisers.Refusal of the High Court to interfere into the matter related to the state government’s grant to Durga Puja organisers and disposal of the PIL, the interim stay on the same gets vacated, allowing the state government to initiate the task of distributing cheques among the Puja organisers. Steps have been taken for the distribution through local police stations. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedSources said that steps have been taken on an immediate basis after the High Court’s decision in this connection, so that the grant can be utilised for traffic safety campaigns during the Puja.It may be recalled that Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee had announced that Rs 10,000 will be given to each of the Durga Puja organizers, while addressing a programme at Netaji Indoor Stadium. Accordingly, the Puja organisers had also planned to campaign in a big way for creating awareness on traffic safety. Now with the Court’s order, the Puja organisers can carry on with their plans for the same.Firhad Hakim, the state Urban Development and Municipal Affairs minister, said: “It is not a matter of winning or losing a court case. I thank the Calcutta High Court as the aim of a section of people to restrict the growth of Bengal has not been fulfilled.”
It takes courage to become the voice of the submissive, in revealing the dark side of the man, who has been tagged as the ‘mahatma.’ Neelima Dalmia Adhar, who earlier wrote best-selling novel ‘father dearest’, took a bold step to unravel the character of Mohandas as a sexually driven, self-righteous and overbearing husband, through her book ‘The Secret Diary of Kasturba’. The spellbinding chronicle of Kasturba’s life speaks of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, who was sworn to poverty, celibacy and cause for India’s freedom. Completely eclipsed by the man who almost became the God for India’s multitude, the efforts of Kasturba as a wife and a mother went ignorant. She spent sixty-two years of her life juggling the roles of a devoted wife, a satyagrahi and sacrificing mother. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfOriginally written in English, ‘The secret diary of Kasturba’ was recently translated into Hindi and launched during an event at the Oxford Book store. Vinod dua, a senior journalist, held a discussion with the author about her book, the idea behind writing it and her connection with the main character.Talking about her wish to write about a strong woman character set in the pre/post independence era, Neelima said, “Kasturba’s story was very close to my heart. We share a lot of commonality in the sense that we belong to quite similar family backgrounds. Moreover, though I was not directly involved in the freedom struggle, the remnants of the time still resonated in my life. My father was a close associate of Gandhi and my mother led the life of Kasturba. So the cry of Kasturba as a wife of Gandhi was quite similar to the cry of Dinesh Nandani (my mother).” Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsive”My father was a megalomaniac with six wives and 18 children. When I started reading out about Kasturba, I found some startling revelations of her life. The more I tuned into her voice, the more I heard her cry. I was compelled to create this character which the history has forgotten. Kasturba came easily to me. Moreover the time was right because we are ready to receive the deconstruction of MAHATMA,” added Neelima.She considers finding the documented material on Kasturba as the biggest challenge. Also, she could not just accuse the ‘father of nation’ without considerable proof as it would for sure hurt the sentiments of his followers. Stating the process of creating the virtual character of Kasturba, Neelima said, “I was handicapped. I had a big challenge finding documented material on her. I tried to gather facts from a various book written on Gandhi and thereby tried to deduce the facts to know what kind of a person she was. Based on the facts I created a sculpture and gave it my voice. Towards the end, I was able to find a woman who was fearless, strong and passionate. She did not like what was happening to her but she let her get into the mould of her life.” The book reveals the trauma she went through when the decision of celibacy was forced on her without consent. The mention of the startling incidences about Gandhi’s arbitrariness, the painful phase of living alone without her husband (when he was in South Africa), the feelings of jealousy, insecurity and possessiveness rising out of his closeness with other women like Mira Bai and Sarla Devi – niece of Rabindranath Tagore, everything is indicative of the never ending misery of Kasturba’s life.