Federal judge halts Keystone XL construction pending new environmental analysis FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享CNBC:A federal judge in Montana halted construction of the Keystone XL oil pipeline on Thursday on the grounds that the U.S. government did not complete a full analysis of the environmental impact of the TransCanada project.The ruling deals a major setback for TransCanada and could possibly delay the construction of the $8 billion, 1,180 mile (1,900 km) pipeline.The ruling is a victory for environmentalists, tribal groups and ranchers who have spent more than a decade fighting against construction of the pipeline that will carry heavy crude to Steele City, Nebraska, from Canada’s oil sands in Alberta.U.S. District Court Judge Brian Morris’ ruling late on Thursday came in a lawsuit that several environmental groups filed against the U.S. government in 2017, soon after President Donald Trump announced a presidential permit for the project. Morris wrote in his ruling that a U.S. State Department environmental analysis “fell short of a ‘hard look”‘ at the cumulative effects of greenhouse gas emissions and the impact on Native American land resources.He also ruled the analysis failed to fully review the effects of the current oil price on the pipeline’s viability and did not fully model potential oil spills and offer mitigations measures. In Thursday’s ruling, Morris ordered the government to issue a more thorough environmental analysis before the project can move forward.More: US judge halts construction of the Keystone XL oil pipeline
FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享S&P Global Market Intelligence ($):A $400 million, 176-mile transmission line that will connect Gulf Power Co.’s service territory in the Florida panhandle to Florida Power & Light Co. customers in the state’s northeast could boost the value of solar generation for both utilities thanks to their time zone difference.Optimizing solar is one of several potential benefits likely to factor into any decision by NextEra Energy Inc. to merge its two regulated subsidiaries into one utility, along with other corporate and regulatory obligations it could streamline through a merger.During NextEra Energy’s investor conference June 20, Gulf Power President Marlene Santos said management is assessing the impacts of merging flagship utility FPL and Gulf Power, which NextEra purchased from Southern Co. in 2018. As of June 26, NextEra Energy said it is still reviewing all options on what combining the two companies would mean for customers currently served by FPL and Gulf Power.FPL serves nearly 5 million customers in southern Florida as well as the state’s northeast, while Gulf Power has about 460,000 customers in the Florida panhandle. Since the panhandle is in the Central Time Zone, while the rest of Florida is in Eastern Time Zone, Gulf Power’s North Florida Resiliency Connection transmission project could help with electricity demand and solar generation.“Once the line is built, it’s very possible that solar in Gulf’s territory monitors very valuable because it is time shifted from where most of the load is,” NextEra Chairman, President and CEO Jim Robo said during the investor presentation. “You will be able to deliver solar at that last hour when the sun is setting, but it hasn’t set yet where Gulf is.”Michael Goggin, vice president of consulting firm Grid Strategies LLC, said having larger grid operating areas connected by transmission allows utilities to better adjust to variance in weather and climate across different regions. In the case of FPL and Gulf Power, their time zone difference shifts supply and demand peaks for electricity and could help mitigate sudden demand surges, such as when people come home in the evenings or ramp up air conditioning during hot summer days.More ($): Solar could serve both utilities if NextEra combines FPL, Gulf Power New transmission line could boost solar in Florida
Australian utility AGL identifies second big battery site amid rapid energy storage scale-up FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享Energy Storage News:Australian utility AGL has furthered its plans to develop 850MW of large-scale battery storage across a number of sites in the country, announcing a new project in Victoria.Last week AGL said that it intends to build a project in South Australia of up to 250MW/1,000MWh, which would be one of the largest battery energy storage systems (BESS) in the world. The utility said today that it has begun development activities for a 200MW battery system in Victoria’s Latrobe Valley.AGL did not say in a press release what the likely capacity in megawatt-hour terms will be for the Victoria battery system, but did reveal that the system is planned for siting at the Loy Yang power station, which currently has 2,225MW of coal generation based there, as well as a coal mine that fuels it.The utility’s 850MW of targeted energy storage deployments will be located within Australia’s National Electricity Market wholesale market structure and should be added to AGL’s network by the 2024 financial year.By that time, AGL is targeting sourcing 34% of its electrical capacity from renewables and energy storage. Eventually, as with a number of major utilities in the US and several major countries, AGL wants to be responsible for net zero emissions by 2050.AGL CEO Brett Redman said the company is proud to be taking battery storage technology into the Latrobe Valley, which [he] described as a community that plays “such a pivotal role in Australia’s energy generation. The limiting factor for renewable technology has always been storage and we are taking control of these limitations by turning our attention to batteries. We are investing in our people, our communities and the technology and in doing so driving Australia’s energy transition responsibly,” Redman said.[Andy Colthorpe]More: Australian utility AGL reveals latest big step towards 850MW of battery storage
Illustration by Wade Mickley88% say yesTrails are about releasing the spirit, not simply training the body. I run “on” the road; I run “with” the trail. There is no activity more primal than running in the woods. It reminds me that we are animals. When I run on the road, my legs and lungs are the most engaged parts of my body. When I run on a trail, I watch for rocks, roots, snakes, deer, and changes in the lay of the land. I smell wet leaves and pine resin. Trail running engages my whole body; it makes it sharper and looser. When I run on the road, I’m being dutiful and dedicated. When I run on a trail, I am wild and free.—Chris Alexander, Davidson, N.C. Adventure in the rugged outdoors always trumps the challenges that lay ahead on polished urban landscapes. Nothing beats being enveloped by the living forest, then feeling the raw earth crunching and shifting below, and inhaling the fresh oxygen rushing in to relieve overworked, burning lungs. However, road sports get more attention because spectators can watch them easier—plopping down beside the road or in front of their TV.—Jonathan Poston, Asheville, N.C. Leaving the stresses of a job and society for a few minutes—whether it be on a mountain bike or on foot—gives me a connection to something greater than any human can build. Most trails that I visit on a regular basis run with the topography of the land and provide a greater physical challenge than simply running or biking on asphalt.—Clint Ivester, Dallas, Ga. While being better for your overall physical self, trail sports also provide a better, safer atmosphere. They are primitive and enriching. We should appreciate our forests and trails while they’re still there, because they are being assaulted by development and commerce on all fronts.—Nikki McDuffee, Stanardsville, Va.I have run several road marathons over the years, and I have found that my knees and other joints aren’t as receptive to the pounding they must take on the asphalt. What running I do now is on trails. The ground has a lot more give, and the scenery is much nicer.—Karl Kunkel, High Point, N.C.I prefer to run and mountain bike on trails away from fuel-burning vehicles. Inhaling those fumes can’t be good for my health. A road run or ride may do more harm than good to my lungs.—Torrey Coffey, Loganville, Ga.———-12% say noWhile I enjoy the solitude of running in the woods, I have more fun during the experience of larger road races. At some of my favorites, like the Army 10-Miler in Washington, D.C., and the Peachtree Road Race in Atlanta, tens of thousands of runners congregate in a single spirit. The energy is amazing at these bigger races, and I feel like I am attending a festival. It takes my mind off the physical challenges of the distance and lets me just enjoy being a runner.This is what running is all about—going out and having a great time with some like-minded people. It’s also fun to get the encouragement of huge cheering crowds and take in the sights, including many of our country’s greatest historical landmarks. The best way to see a city is on foot with thousands of running friends.—Rick Moore, Alexandria, Va.I rely on road sports for exercise—mostly out of convenience. I need to run after long days at work to clear my head and relieve stress, but living in a city doesn’t give me the luxury of being able to quickly access a secluded wooded trail. The urban jungle certainly has its disadvantages—inconsiderate drivers, smog, and a lack of scenery—but I’ll take it over the confines of a stuffy, overpriced gym.—Mary Graves, Atlanta, Ga. I’d rather head to the track than the trail. For me, running is all about speed and pushing myself to my absolute limits. I love to see how fast I can sprint, and I just can’t do that on trails with a lot of rocks and roots. The same goes for races. I just can’t post a PR on a rugged mountain course, so I stick to the pavement where I can satisfy my need for speed.—Adam Harvey, Charleston, S.C.
Bike-heavy on clips this week, but what can I say? They’re the best. Check’em out below.1. When Deer AttackReminiscent of this video, but hitting much closer to home is a clip of an unexpected race-day mishap caught on camera. Nature’s revenge? You be the judge.2. Crazy Dude Does Crazy Downhill Crazy FastI will never tire of watching crazy-ass dudes bomb down crazy-ass downhill courses. Here is the latest from that expanding genre.3. Is It On?Not only a very cool ski video, but a great tutorial on how to make the most of your GoPro edit.Salomon Freeski TV S6E11 – Not another GoPro edit from Salomon Freeski on Vimeo.4. Going SoloBack in the saddle for our final entry. This is a beautifully shot self edit from out in the woods and another great example of maximizing your edit when you’re all alone out there.Aaron LaRocque – Prime Time on Pinkbike
“We sat down with a blank piece of paper and drew out our ideal life,” Eva Surls says as she turns her Sprinter van loaded with our mountain bikes into Dupont State Forest.I like her already. That combination of dreamer and take charge attitude in order to create a life conjured from one’s imagination is exactly the type of person I strive to be, it’s a characteristic I admire most in friends.The sun warms my elbow sticking out of the passenger seat window and the first blue sky in a week makes even a non-singer like me want to belt out a few Jack Johnson lyrics.I’ve just met Eva and don’t want to scare her off so instead I ask her more about how the Bike Farm, the base camp she owns with her husband, Cashion Smith, that caters to bikers wanting to explore the area.“We knew we wanted a piece of property big enough for friends and family to stay, and the concept evolved from there.”Eva parks at the trailhead for – and checks my fit on the bike. Before we start riding, she quizzes me on the front and rear brake and demonstrates the ready stance.We coast down a gravel road and she looks over her shoulder, her long braid off to one side, and says, “Elbows pointed out and heels down.”Eva stops before in front of the trail and talks a little about how to find the right gear for climbing and explains about shifting from the front to back of my seat depending on the steepness of the terrain.I follow her over some roots and then we turn back around and try it again to find a different line.After our second climb she reminds me to look ahead where I want to go instead of fixating on my front tire.Midway up she says, “Remember to look ahead at where you want to go.”I pick up my glance, which has been fixated on my front tire for the past few minutes, amazed at her to know where I’m looking given that she’s riding in front.We happily chat about trail running, dogs (her), and kids (me), as we ride by the river flowing below.Eva lets me know that the trail becomes more technical ahead. We climb over some more roots and negotiate some turns before the trail dips and we ride over the biggest root yet.Scared, I put my foot down right on top of the gigantic root, seemingly guarding the top of the hill.Eva stops her bike and says, “Good job getting this far. This root is bigger than the rest. Given what I’ve seen you ride so far, I know you can do it. Let’s session it for a bit.”I watch her ride it a few times and studying the way she stops pedaling a few feet in front of it, how she eases her grip from the handlebars as she approaches the root and how she presses her peddle a slight turn forward to keep her momentum once she’s crested it.Then it’s my turn. Eva is smaller in stature than me and she makes it look effortless so I figure I’ll be able to do it too.My first go I hit the root square on, my pelvis throbbing from the impact.The second time I stand there, hesitant with the realization that indecision could lead to physical pain. Eva tells me to take a minute to collect myself and take a deep breath.I think of my four-year-old son.Right now he would say, “Mama, be brave at this root.”He has this thing of misusing prepositions in a way I find adorable so I don’t correct it. Besides, it lends a certain insight that I often miss. He realizes that we don’t have to be brave globally, in all situations, that it’s enough to pick one very specific thing and direct all the courage we can muster toward that.I tell myself I will be brave at the root as I ride and shift my weight in time so that my front wheel climbs over the wheel but then hit my pedal on the side of the root. The same thing happens the next dozen tries.I keep focusing on my line, on where I’m looking, on where my feet are, and my body weight.On my last go it all comes together. I approach the root at the right angle and unweight my front tire, while still keeping my gaze ahead. Once I’m over it, I pedal forward.“I did it!” I say at the same time that Eva shouts, “you did it!”I can tell from her tone that she’s as proud as I am. We high five and ride the rest of the trail.Eva echoes my son’s wisdom. “Every ride, pick one thing to work on and session it. Spend ten or fifteen minutes trying the same move.”The rest of the week I try rolling over things on my bike. It’s such a small thing, getting my tires across a rock or a root. Even so, I swell with pride ever time.As the week goes on I notice that I’m feeling more focused as I tackle a negotiation or difficult discussion in my business life, too. By keeping focused and asking myself to meet a discrete task with a courageous attitude, I’m becoming brave at life.
In my mid-twenties I went to school to become a wilderness EMT. During my training, I had no idea that the biggest blow my adventurous lifestyle would ever deliver had already been dealt. A slurry of destructive pathogens was spreading throughout my body, the result of a long forgotten tick bite.Chronic Lyme is the term that describes a severe, late-stage form of the disease, one that occurs long after an initial infection went unnoticed or undertreated. In my case, I had experienced sporadic bouts of troubling symptoms for years, and been systematically written off by doctors as a hypochondriac. By the time I was finally diagnosed, the infection had spread to my brain.As my muscles weakened and I shook with tremors, my outdoorsy life fell apart. Gone were the days of biking through the Pisgah and paddling with my husband of only three months. Each day brought a new symptom—from paralysis and pain to convulsions and memory loss.You would be hard pressed to find a disease more controversial than Chronic Lyme. Patients like myself wish only to recover and reclaim our normal lives. Instead, we find ourselves in a perilous position: stuck between insurance companies who deny the existence of the disease, a woefully inadequate standard of care, and the medical establishments that threaten the livelihood of the few Lyme-literate doctors who are saving our lives.After my suspicions of Lyme deepened, I visited five different doctors, but each one refused to administer the blood test. It was only after I wound up in an ER in Vermont that a doctor finally ordered the blood work. Although the current test is notoriously unreliable (with only a 65% sensitivity, and up to 50% of the results are false negatives), mine was glaringly positive. The doctor called to deliver the results, adding before she hung up, “I’m not sure why you even want to know this. Nobody in the South will help you.”Despite her warning, I was able to find a Lyme-literate doctor in North Carolina, and began a strict regimen of long-term antibiotics, anti-malarials, and medicine used by HIV patients.I swallowed my first handful of pills on January 25, 2016, and in the year that’s followed, I’ve seen a slow progress. Due to a painful die-off process, it’s been an agonizing recovery. Still, I consider myself lucky. If I had not responded to oral antibiotics, I would have been switched to IV infusions. Some patients even resort to chemotherapy.I know very few friends who’ve been caught in an avalanche or knocked unconscious by rock fall, yet every single one of us has been exposed to ticks. Still, when I talk about my multi-year battle with Lyme, I’m met with confusion and blank looks.Ticks live in the places that we like to play, leaving the outdoor community at greater risk for infection. Why is this ubiquitous and devastating threat missing from our conversation?In the Southeast alone, I’ve amassed a sizeable community of people who were once avid runners, paddlers and climbers. After developing Chronic Lyme, they became too disabled to keep up within their active circles. They simply disappeared from the scene altogether, just as I did. Our stories, and the lessons they hold, go unheard.I’m still too weak to climb, but I’m able to read and write again, and enjoy moderate hikes. My voice grows stronger as my illness retreats, and my message is simple: Chronic Lyme does not have to happen to you. The disease is preventable, but only if our community wakes up, knows the signs, demands effective treatment, and reconnects with those who are already suffering.5 tips for lyme disease prevention1. Be Aware of the RisksLyme Disease has been identified in all 50 states and in every continent except Antarctica. In climates with a mild winter, ticks remain a threat all year round.2. Avoid the bite Wear long pants and sleeves while outside, tuck your pants into your socks, and spray all clothing with DEET-repelling insecticide. Natural insect-repellents made with essential oils are available but may not be as effective.3. Perform a nightly tick-checkIt’s unclear how quickly a tick can transmit the Lyme bacteria after attaching to your skin, so your best bet is to remove the tick as soon as possible. Perform a full-body tick check every night after being in the grass or woods.4. Get a Second OpinionIf you exhibit flu-like or unexplained symptoms after a tick bite and your doctor recommends not treating, or if your symptoms persist after treatment, seek a second or third opinion. You may discover that opinions about Lyme diagnosis and treatment vary widely amongst doctors.5. Get Educated For more information on preventing, recognizing, and treating Lyme Disease, visit the International Lyme and Associated Disease Society at www.ILADS.org
By Dialogo January 01, 2010 A good exercise. It shows the strength of Chile. It would be convenient if we could see more images regarding the operations and teams used in the development of such. I say it as a Chilean with a big heart and proud of what he has, as a human and as a physicist-technologist. I would appreciate knowing where to get such images. If there are any. Two international military exercises took place in Chile in 2009: Salitre and Southern Star. Salitre 2009, hosted by the Chilean Air Force, or FACh, helped build cooperative capability to respond to humanitarian crises and promote regional security. It was held Oct. 19-30 at the Cerro Moreno Air Base in Antofagasta, northern Chile. The exercise involved 60 airplanes and 400 participants from the United States, Brazil, Argentina and France, while Venezuela, Ecuador, Mexico and Bolivia were observer countries. The Salitre 2009 scenario was based on a fictitious country (Tarapacá and its capital, Iquique) that invaded the Antofagasta region. During the exercise, five air forces simulated participation in a multinational peacekeeping operation to pressure Tarapacá to comply with international treaties. “We are going to show the FACh capacity to operate with allied air forces,” Chilean Air General Ricardo Ortega told the Military Forces Channel. “Antofagasta is at war with Iquique: The war is fictitious; the training is real,” he said. The first goal was to stop military action against civilians, and the second was to provide humanitarian assistance to the population. The entire scenario tested two major arenas: air operations, and command and control. FACh has had four Salitre exercises. In 2000 and 2002, it was a national exercise with U.S. involvement, and in 2004, four countries participated. Southern Star 2009 is an annual multinational training exercise sponsored by U.S. Southern Command. It was held Oct. 18-31 and involved special operations forces from Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay, the United States and Chile. The scenario painted a picture of insurgent control, oppression of the population, kidnappings, turmoil and death for the people of the fictitious Republic of Morado. Multinational stabilization forces were unable to control the insurgent attacks and requested assistance from the United Nations. The purpose of the exercise was to build participating nations’ capabilities to function as a multinational force and increase their ability to deal with transnational threats. This was the third and largest year for Southern Star, with nearly 850 participants. Each country’s military sent a selection of special operations forces and support specialists from their army, navy, air force and marine components. The multinational force conducted missions such as reconnaissance, direct action, combat search and rescue, maritime interdiction, hostage rescue and medical evacuation. The training was on the ground, in the air and at sea. “This was a great opportunity for everyone to see how important it is to work together,” said Chilean Air Force Maj. Claudio Alcázar Sichel. “On the MIO [Maritime Interdiction Operation], we had Air Force snipers in Army helicopters while Marines were seizing the enemy’s boat.” Chilean Air Force, U.S. Special Operations Command South
Self-propelled submersibles are tools used by drug cartels that utilize several techniques to achieve their goals and move quickly to modernize their strategies to transport the drugs to their final destination, mainly the United States, the main consumer market in the world. There have been up to 21 registered maritime trafficking operations in the same number of vessels of different drafts. These boats are used for fuel, decoy and logistics, and many of these pretend to be fishing vessels. Recently, the Dominican Republic became the ideal epicenter for drug trafficking operations, but this has changed due to counter measures taken by multinational operators, in addition to the effects of the Dominican Air Force’s Embraer Super Tucano fighters. Trafficking moves through regional countries, depending on the degree of difficulty to operate. Therefore, it wouldn’t be surprising to have the center of operations move back to Honduras. Operation Martillo is very effective in Honduras, especially in the eastern region, an area where cocaine trafficking is extensive. Throughout 2013, however, Panama has become a hub for drug stashes, surpassing Honduras, which held that place last year. The U.S. colonel confirmed that because of its results, Operation Martillo, which started in mid-January 2012, would remain in force for an indefinite period. Last year, just in the northern Caribbean, 478 maritime suspicious activities with stopovers in Central America were detected. Each submersible or semisubmersible has the capacity to transport between four to 10 metric tons of cocaine. SOUTHCOM’s official records show that so far during this operation, which has been in effect for over a year and a half, 222 metric tons of cocaine; 41,606 bales of marihuana; and $10.7 million dollars were seized. This was confirmed by the head of operations at the U.S. Southern Command’s Joint Interagency Task Force-South, Colonel Neal Pugliese, in a statement published by Honduran newspaper Proceso Digital. Colonel Pugliese reflected on the fight to counter drug trafficking and the results of Operation Martillo headed by SOUTHCOM, and the participants of which include Honduras, Belize, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Nicaragua, and Panama. European nations, such as the United Kingdom, France, and the Netherlands also participate in this operation. “Drug traffickers have been very agile; combat is like a chess game: its intelligence‘against intelligence, operation against operation,” an unidentified member of the interagency unit told Proceso Digital. Operation Martillo, a multinational military force effort headed by the United States with the aim of countering drug trafficking and organized crime in Central America, will remain in the region for an indefinite period. By Dialogo September 19, 2013 Last year, Operation Martillo deployed up to 200 Marines and MD-60 Black Hawk helicopters in certain operations in Guatemala alone, in order to reinforce security on the border with Mexico and counter the threat of Mexican cartels and Los Zetas criminal organization.
Peruvian security forces are strengthening their collaboration with the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) to fight transnational criminal organizations which engage in drug trafficking, kidnapping, oil theft, extortion, cyber-theft, and other criminal enterprises. The National Police of Peru (PNP) and the FBI recently signed a “letter of intent”, in which the two law enforcement agencies agreed to cooperate in the battle against transnational criminal organizations, according to published reports. The Peruvian ambassador in Washington, D.C., Harolf Forsyth, and FBI Assistant Director Richard McFeeley signed the document at FBI headquarters in Washington on Jan. 23, 2014. The link between international drug trafficking According to the study “Situational Analysis of Drug Trafficking 2013” conducted by the American Police Community (Ameripol), the link between drug trafficking and terrorism is a serious threat to Peruvian national security. The Shining Path rebel group trafficks drugs and engages in other criminal activities like extortion in order to buy arms and finance terrorist activities. The Shining Path and drug traffickers from Mexico and Colombia operate around 300 clandestine laboratories in the Apurimac and Ene River Valley (VRAEM), the largest coca-growing basin in the country, according to authorities. Since 2000, the presence of Mexican cartels has expanded by 60 percent, according to the publication, Expresso. The Sinaloa Cartel maintains armed gangs and produces cocaine and marijuana in the VRAEM, in coastal regions, and in Ayabaca, located in the Piura Mountains. One of the gangs involved in drug trafficking includes the brothers, Máximo, Zósimo, and Sergio Arce Medina, who are from the La Mar province of Ayacucho. The Arce Medina brothers operate in towns of Satipo province, La República reported. The Arce Medina brothers buy drugs from various producers in the VRAEM, the region where the Shining Path rebel group operates. Then they transport the drugs to nearby towns, and then ship them via air to Bolivia and Brazil. Other gangs known as “Motoco”, “Platanazo”, “David”, and “Chino” also traffic drugs. Europe, in particular Spain followed by Italy and the Netherlands, is the main destination for drugs leaving Peru. “The government has drawn up an intelligence strategy in the fight against drug trafficking. All security forces have declared a full-fledged fight against drug trafficking and related activities such as money-laundering,” García Villena said. From January 2007 to May 2012, organized crime groups in Peru laundered about $5.3 billion (USD), authorities said. Continuing efforts Law enforcement training The PNP and the FBI agreed to work together to strengthen digital technology which can help identify criminal suspects. The two law enforcement agencies also pledged to work together to make sure both agencies have the most modern tools for scientific forensic investigations. This would include technology to identify fingerprints and conduct DNA tests. The collaboration with the FBI will help improve public safety in Peru, Forsyth said. “The field of police science advances very quickly in the world,” the ambassador said. “If we want to build a safer society in Peru, we need to keep up with these new techniques. Peru faces a serious problem: transnational crime.” The Peruvian government has been sending PNP officers to the FBI Academy in the U.S. state of Virginia since 2012, authorities said. The PNP will send a greater number of officers to the academy in 2014, authorities said. A week before signing the agreement with the FBI, prosecutors’ offices, the PNP, the Public Prosecutor’s Office, and the Judiciary (PJ) of Peru presented the “Protocols and Action Guide” for the PNP and other Peruvian law enforcers. As detailed in the document, the PNP and the FBI will focus on training a variety of law tactics, such as the best way to monitor and record telephone calls and other forms of communication, such as text messages and how to enter a building using force, according to a statement from the PJ. “The purpose is to standardize the work for law enforcement administrators. From now on, these institutions will avoid contradictions and delays when implementing measures,” said Walter Chávez Cotrina, chief of the Public Prosecutor’s office and the coordinator of special prosecutions against organized crime. Senior Supreme Court Judge Luis Almenara Bryson presented these new tools of action against organized crime on Jan. 16, 2014 in the Palace of Justice. . Whenever a crime is reported, police face a series of challenges, Col. Víctor Gonzáles Silva, head of the PNP’s criminal investigation division for kidnappings told the website, Peru21. For example, law enforcement officers usually have just 24 hours to investigate a detainee before they would have to release him or her. The new protocols for law enforcement officers in per “represent a major breakthrough,” said José Luis García Villena, communications director for the State Bar Association of Lima. “The protocols and the guide are essential in the fight against criminal organizations, crime, and the current public insecurity situation in Peru.” Digital security International drug trafficking By Dialogo March 16, 2014 International cooperation with the FBI complement the continuing efforts of Peruvian security forces to destroy coca crops, intercept illegal flights loaded with cocaine, and purchase equipment and technology to fight against transnational criminal organizations. According to García Villena, “The success of these actions depends on cooperation between institutions and Peruvian society” García Villena said. “We have to form a united front to combat public insecurity, terrorism, and drug cartels.” All countries in the world should cooperate and share intelligence information to fight against these organizations, García Villena said.